“Simply stabilizing debt relative to GDP in most countries will require a historical consolidation effort of anywhere from 6 to 9% of GDP (...) But in fact, even more is needed to bring debt back to sustainable levels.” said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría.
At the heart of the crisis are failures of financial regulation, of supervision, of risk management and of corporate governance.
Drawing on the OECD’s expertise in comparing country experiences and identifying best practices, the Better Policies series tailors the OECD’s policy advice to the specific and timely priorities of member and partner countries, focusing on how governments can make reform happen.
G20 countries need to keep up the momentum of structural economic reform in order to boost confidence and job creation, OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurria tells G20 leaders.
Speaking at the launch of the Perspectives on Global Development 2010, Angel Gurría says that the centre of economic gravity is moving from West to East, from the industrialised economies to the large developing economies, particularly China and India. The latest forecasts anticipate that emerging and developing economies will account for nearly 60% of world GDP by 2030.
Governments and central banks have implemented wide-ranging support packages in response to the global crisis. Discretionary fiscal measures, coupled with cyclical revenue losses and expenditure hikes, have resulted in a sharp increase in budget deficits, which are projected to peak at 8¼ per cent of GDP in the OECD area as a whole in 2010. How to get out of this dangerous spiral? How can we address this challenge while at the same
The data and a range of other indicators of the crisis and its aftermath can be found in the OECD’s Factbook 2010, an annual digest of economic, social and environmental statistics.
OECD countries have made significant reform progress in recent decades, in fields as diverse as competition policy, health care and the environment. How have they done it? And why have reforms advanced in some places and stalled in others? This collection of essays analyses the reform experiences of the 30 OECD countries in nine major policy domains in order to identify lessons, pitfalls and strategies that may help foster policy reform in the future. While taking full account of the tremendous differences in the political and institutional settings in which these reforms were undertaken, the authors highlight a number of common challenges and potential solutions that hold good across both countries and issue areas. They show that the scope for cross-national policy learning is enormous.
The importance of such reform lessons is all the greater in the wake of the global financial and economic crisis. As OECD governments confront the challenge of trying to restore public finances to health without undermining the recovery, they will need to pursue a careful mix of fiscal policies and growth-enhancing structural reforms. Designing, adopting and implementing such a policy mix will require the crafting of effective reforms and effective strategies for implementing them.
Are the policies that governments have put in place to stabilise the global economy and restore growth sowing the seeds for a new economic crisis? While more welfare spending and easier credit can temporarily help to shore up economic activity, they could in the medium term make the problems that caused the current crisis worse, argues William White, chair of the OECD’s Economic Development and Review Committee.
Drawing on the OECD’s expertise in comparing country experiences and identifying best practices, this book summarises OECD’s policy advice for Greece in a wide variety of policy areas. It proposes a strategy to correct imbalances and modernize the economy, accompanied by action plans in public administration and budgets; pensions; the governance of state owned enterprises; tax policies; employment and social policy; education; new sources of growth, innovation and green growth; competition; and the complex political economy problems associated with reforms in the public sector.