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As Mexico seeks to boost economic growth, pressures on its natural resources and environmental outcomes
may intensify, jeopardizing the sustainability of that growth and the well-being of the population.
The global scenario is less benign for the region due to a downturn in global trade, a decline in commodity prices and increased uncertainty surrounding external financing, says the new Latin American Economic Outlook.
After a decade of relatively strong growth, Latin America is facing headwinds associated with declining trade, a moderation in commodity prices and increasing uncertainty over external financial conditions, according to the latest Latin American Economic Outlook jointly produced by the OECD Development Centre, the UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (UN ECLAC) and CAF - Development Bank of Latin America.
Mexico has achieved a high degree of decentralisation in public services, but the Mexican fiscal
federal system has important shortcomings. States and municipalities have become heavily dependent on
federal transfers to finance a growing share of public spending.
The new government has set an ambitious course of economic and social reforms. Much progress has already been made. Yet productivity remains insufficient and more needs to be done to strengthen institutions.
Informality has important implications for productivity, economic growth, and the inequality of income. In recent years, the extent of informal employment has increased in many of Mexico's states, though highly heterogeneously.
Legal systems provide the basic institutions for firms and markets to operate. Their quality can have important consequences on the size distribution of firms, who rely on them for contract enforcement. This paper uses the variation in legal system quality across states in Mexico to examine the relationship between judicial quality and firm size.
Policy makers must avoid the downside scenario of a major shock to the European and global financial systems. Europe has to mobilize its strengths, and put out the immediate fires associated with the spiraling banking and sovereign debt crisis, said OECD Secretary-General.
Country Notes from OECD Economic Policy Reforms: Going for growth 2011 presenting OECD recommendations for structural reform priorities for individual countries.
Improvements in the macroeconomic policy framework over the past two decades and prudent regulation of the financial system have contributed to reduce output volatility in Mexico relative to other OECD countries.