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To strengthen social cohesion, a top government priority, it is essential to address the labour market roots of inequality by breaking down dualism to reduce the share of non-regular workers and to boost the employment ratio toward the government’s 70% target.
A creative economy requires innovation-friendly conditions. Korea’s innovation system should be
improved by upgrading universities and expanding their role in business R&D, while increasing
international collaboration in R&D from its current low level.
Output growth of around 4% is projected in 2014-15. However, a new growth strategy is essential to foster a creative economy and sustain growth. Policies are also needed to reduce income inequality and poverty, particularly among the elderly.
벤처 기업과 중소기업이 보다 큰 역할을 하는 창조적인 경제를 육성하기 위한 새로운 성장전략이 필요하다. 또한, 소득불평등과 상대적 빈곤, 특히 49%에 달하는 노인 빈곤율을 감소시킬 수 있는 정책들이 필요하다.
Korea needs to move away from its current economic model and implement a range of reforms to develop a creative economy that can sustain long-term growth, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Korea. The strategy should be accompanied by new measures to reduce income inequality and poverty, particularly among the elderly, the OECD said.
Korea has achieved robust economic growth relative to other OECD countries since the financial and economic crisis, but its growth prospects are burdened by high levels of household debt and, in the medium term, rapid population ageing.
Labour market reform to improve growth prospects and reduce inequality is a top priority in the face of rapid population ageing and a dualistic labour market. Sustaining output growth requires policies to mitigate the impact of rapid population ageing by increasing labour inputs from under-employed segments of the population.
The rapid expansion of education in Korea is exceptional and has played a key role in its economic
development. Sustaining Korea’s growth potential in the face of demographic headwinds requires further
improving the education system to boost productivity growth.
While Korea remains one of the fastest-growing OECD economies, its potential growth rate per capita is projected to decelerate from around 4% during the current decade to around 2¼ per cent during the 2030s.
Korea faces the challenge of reversing rising inequality while sustaining robust economic growth.