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This paper constructs a broad measure of financial conditions for the United States, Japan, the Euro Area and the United Kingdom, by extending monetary condition indices which are traditionally used to gauge the impact of monetary policy on the economy.
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This note, taken from Chapter 3 of Economic Policy Reforms: Going for Growth 2009, contains information about the progress in implementing reforms in line with the 2008 priorities for the European Union.
Although the European authorities should be commended for the progress they have made in updating and improving frameworks and responding to the financial turmoil, more can be done.
The first decade of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) has been a success, but the onset of recession amid ongoing financial turmoil has created new challenges.
Financial integration and development raise the likelihood of cross-border financial contagion. Further improvements are needed to European regulatory and supervisory frameworks to ensure financial stability.
The onset of recession amid tumbling inflation and continued financial market turmoil is posing considerable challenges for macroeconomic policy and ECB financial market operations.
The economic downturn and the financial turmoil are intensifying fiscal pressures. In the longer-term, progress towards fiscal sustainability and improving the quality of the public finances remain priorities.
Financial innovation and market integration have deepened linkages between euro area markets and institutions, possibly affecting the speed and channels of area-wide monetary policy transmission.
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After a sustained period of good macroeconomic performance, new challenges have emerged for the euro area economy. Output growth moderated through 2007 and continued to lose momentum through 2008, with GDP declining in both the second and third quarters of the year. The slowdown has been compounded by the international financial market turmoil that began in August 2007 and intensified in September 2008. World economic activity has
Nigel Pain, OECD Senior Economist, on the Challenges facing the Euro Area Economy