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China (People’s Republic of)
Despite a glum global economic context China is set to continue to catch up fast, propelled by ongoing urbanisation. Environmental pressures are on the rise, however, and greening growth has become a top policy priority.
The main features of China’s current sub-national finance arrangements date back to the 1994 tax reform. China has a multi-level government structure that shares national tax revenues through a system of tax sharing and transfers, and divides spending assignments and responsibilities.
This paper explores the productivity impact of trade, product market and financial market policies over the last decade in China – a fast growing country where, despite significant reform action, regulatory stance remains still far from OECD standards.
Country Notes from OECD Economic Policy Reforms: Going for growth 2011 presenting OECD recommendations for structural reform priorities for individual countries.
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This paper depicts the rapid development and transformation of the Chinese economy so far and discusses how to sustain vigorous and inclusive growth.
The single most important challenge China is facing is that of the shift from export-led growth to an economic and growth model driven by domestic consumption and a better quality of life for its citizens, according to OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría.
The world economy continues to recover but there is still a considerable dispersion in performance across countries and regions. Dynamic economies, led by China and India, are expected to expand at over 7 percent in both 2011 and 2012. In contrast, OECD countries will expand by only 2.3 percent in 2011 and 2.8 percent in 2012.
As a result of reforms and financial sector development, the People’s Bank of China (PBoC) now exerts significant control over money market interest rates.