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As a region with strong trade, investment, migration and financial links with the rest of the world, Latin America has not escaped the global crisis and its GDP is expected to contract between 1.5% and 2% in 2009, according to the OECD Secretary-General.
The Economics Department organised a seminar on 24 September 2009 to bridge this gap in the policy debate by identifying potential sources of growth in Brazil, China, India, Indonesia and South Africa, as well as policy challenges for sustaining long-term growth in these countries.
This paper tests for the existence of a bank lending channel in the transmission of monetary policy in Brazil using monthly aggregate data for the period 1995:12 through 2008:6.
This paper uses a large dataset combining census, household survey and budgetary data for nearly 4 000 Brazilian municipalities to estimate the impact of government spending on education and health outcomes.
Brazil is resisting the global downturn better than many other countries thanks to sound policies developed over recent years and an improved balance of payments, said Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD.
The complexities and fragmentation of Brazil’s tax system make it particularly onerous to enterprises, making it a priority for reform. The state-level VAT has often been used as an industrial policy instrument, resulting in predatory tax competition among the states. Remaining federal levies on enterprise turnover are detrimental to the competitiveness of Brazilian exports. The burden of payroll taxes and social security
The OECD’s latest economic survey of Brazil, to be published on Tuesday 14 July 2009, looks at the challenges the country faces as it recovers from the global downturn. It also discusses the reforms needed to reinforce long-term growth and raise living standards.
To investigate the possible impact of terms of trade gains on the real economy, this paper estimates normalised quadratic input demand and output supply functions for the Brazilian economy during 1997-2008.
To shed further light on this issue in the context of emerging market economies, this paper uses Brazilian data to estimate the determinants of the current account in a smooth transition vector autoregressive (ST VAR) setting.
Country Notes from OECD Economic Policy Reforms: Going for growth 2011 presenting OECD recommendations for structural reform priorities for individual countries.