Belgium has a good record in delivering accessible care, but adaptation to population ageing will be complicated by the fragmentation of responsibilities in the healthcare system and a strong reliance on government regulations.
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The global crisis led to a smaller increase in the unemployment rate than in most other OECD countries as employment has been sustained through intensive use of reduced working time schemes.
Economic growth is projected to be strengthening from mid-2011 onwards, but will be insufficient to restore the sustainability of public finances.
Since 1990, Belgium has managed to bring down greenhouse gas emissions in most domains of economic activity.
Country Notes from OECD Economic Policy Reforms: Going for growth 2011 presenting OECD recommendations for structural reform priorities for individual countries.
The degradation of the environment due to climate change and pollution can harm living standards and damage growth prospects.
The road ahead will not be easy, though: financial market concerns about sovereign debt are extending to a growing number of countries and now they threaten to include Belgium. Thus fiscal sustainability and higher growth are the backbone of our main recommendations in this Survey. With a public debt at 97% of GDP, a renewed and sustained effort to prefund ageing costs is needed, including revisiting intergovernmental prefunding
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This note is taken from Chapter 3 of Economic Policy Reforms: Going for Growth 2010.
Individual elements in the Belgian tax system affect the growth process through different channels and to a varying degree.