Working Papers


  • 31-May-2013

    English

    Reforming agriculture and promoting Japan's integration in the world economy

    The problems of Japanese agriculture – in particular low productivity and the prevalence of part-time farmers and small plots have been evident for the past 50 years.

  • 11-April-2013

    English

    The determinants of informality in Mexico’s states

    Informality has important implications for productivity, economic growth, and the inequality of income. In recent years, the extent of informal employment has increased in many of Mexico's states, though highly heterogeneously.

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  • 11-April-2013

    English

    Legal reform, contract enforcement and firm size in Mexico

    Legal systems provide the basic institutions for firms and markets to operate. Their quality can have important consequences on the size distribution of firms, who rely on them for contract enforcement. This paper uses the variation in legal system quality across states in Mexico to examine the relationship between judicial quality and firm size.

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  • 11-April-2013

    English

    Improving the economic situation of young people in France

    The economic situation of young people is unsatisfactory. Educational inequalities have been widening for over a decade, due to a sharp decline in the results of the most highly disadvantaged students. The unemployment rate for the 20-24 age bracket has not dropped below 16% for nearly 30 years.

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  • 3-April-2013

    English

    The efficiency and equity of the tax and transfer system in France

    Taxes and cash transfers reduce income inequality more in France than elsewhere in the OECD, because of the large size of the flows involved. But the system is complex overall. Its effectiveness could be enhanced in many ways, for example so as to achieve the same amount of redistribution at lower cost.

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  • 3-April-2013

    English

    Income inequality and poverty in Colombia. Part 2. The redistributive impact of taxes and transfers

    Income inequality in Colombia has declined since the early 2000s but remains very high by international standards. While most of the inequality originates from the labour market, wealth – and thus capital income – is also highly concentrated and the tax and transfer system has little redistributive impact.

  • 3-April-2013

    English

    Income inequality and poverty in Colombia. Part 1. The role of the labour market

    Income inequality in Colombia has declined since the early 2000s but remains very high by international standards. Income dispersion largely originates from the labour market, which is characterised by a still high unemployment rate, a pervasive informal sector and a wide wage dispersion reflecting a large education premium for those with higher education.

  • 7-December-2012

    English

    Reducing greenhouse gas emissions in a cost effective way in Switzerland

    Switzerland has low greenhouse gas emissions per capita as compared to other countries, which reflects the strong reliance on energy sources emitting few greenhouse gas emissions, especially in electricity generation, and little heavy industry.

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  • 29-November-2012

    English

    Strengthening innovation in the United States

    The US innovation system has many strengths, including world class research universities and firms that thrive in innovation-intensive sectors.

  • 22-November-2012

    English

    Selected aspects of household savings in Germany – evidence from micro-data

    This paper uses household level data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP) over the period 1991 to 2008 to analyse the driving factors of movements in the German household savings rate.

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