Portugal has undertaken an ambitious structural reform programme since 2011. Reforms have spanned across a wide range of policy areas, product markets, labour markets, taxes, regulations and the public sector.
Ambitious structural reforms and sound macroeconomic policies have ensured the resilience of the highly-open Mexican economy in the face of challenging global conditions.
Malaysia’s recent growth has moderated somewhat in the face of severe global headwinds but has remained robust. Stepping up structural reforms to increase productivity and inclusiveness would also improve the sustainability of growth over the medium run and help achieve Malaysia’s ambition to become a high-income country around 2020.
Despite a weak global context, growth has remained relatively robust. Policy has appropriately shifted towards boosting infrastructure investment, improving the business climate and reducing corruption.
Economic growth has proved remarkably vigorous given the very adverse circumstances of the past two years, which included four national elections, wars across the southern border, severe domestic tensions in the Eastern regions, trade restrictions with Russia and the inflow of millions of refugees.
U.S. economy growing steadily but key reforms needed
The Canadian economy is adjusting to the fall in the terms of trade. The main challenges are to reduce financial stability risks, boost productivity growth and make growth greener and more inclusive.
Growth picked up strongly in 2015 thanks to a combination of temporary effects, mostly absorption of expiring EU funds and low commodity prices, but the recovery since the global crisis has been uneven, mainly because of volatile investment.
Korea is experiencing a spell of slower growth and low inflation. Productivity is low due to large gaps between manufacturing and services, and large companies and SMEs. Problems in the labour market raise inequality and poverty, and discourage employment.
Danes enjoy high living standards and wellbeing, not the least because of the reform willingness of their governments. Yet, the economic recovery has been fragile and GDP per capita is still below its precrisis levels, although Gross National Income has received a boost from favourable term of trade developments.