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Spain is emerging from a protracted recession, marked by a return to moderate growth and rising international competitiveness. Decisive banking and fiscal reforms, coupled with supportive monetary policy from the European Central Bank, have reduced financial tensions and improved public finance.
Structural reforms (labour market, banking, fiscal) have put the economy on the road to recovery.
Business dynamism has underpinned inclusive growth in the 2000s. Strong growth without widening external imbalances calls for structural reform in the business sector to boost productivity and allow firms to better compete in export markets and at home.
벤처 기업과 중소기업이 보다 큰 역할을 하는 창조적인 경제를 육성하기 위한 새로운 성장전략이 필요하다. 또한, 소득불평등과 상대적 빈곤, 특히 49%에 달하는 노인 빈곤율을 감소시킬 수 있는 정책들이 필요하다.
Output growth of around 4% is projected in 2014-15. However, a new growth strategy is essential to foster a creative economy and sustain growth. Policies are also needed to reduce income inequality and poverty, particularly among the elderly.
Korea needs to move away from its current economic model and implement a range of reforms to develop a creative economy that can sustain long-term growth, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Korea. The strategy should be accompanied by new measures to reduce income inequality and poverty, particularly among the elderly, the OECD said.
Economic recovery in the United States is stronger than in most OECD countries, but it will remain sluggish unless new reforms are launched to boost growth.
Canada’s economic growth remains solid. However, the energy-sector boom has widened regional disparities and raised environmental challenges. House prices and household debt have increased to high levels. Skills shortages have emerged.
Building on the success of past reforms, Germany should continue to further wellbeing by improving financial sector resilience, strengthening productivity in services and making economic growth more inclusive and green.
Low productivity growth in the EU has deep structural causes. Strengthening human capital, work incentives and competition, and better integrating the Single Market would boost inclusive growth.