The following OECD assessment and recommendations summarise Chapter 3 of the Economic Survey of Germany 2006 published on 30 May 2006.
The education system needs to become more effective
Securing the supply of highly skilled workers is crucial for the generation and absorption of new technologies. Improving the skills of low-skilled workers is one way to reduce benefit dependency and to cope with the effects of increasing internationalisation of trade and investment.
An evaluation should be carried out to see whether fees in early education discourage attendance of early education facilities. Consideration should be given to provide subsidies to early education and child care through a voucher system, with vouchers to be used in accredited early education facilities.
While the states have taken measures to move towards national performance standards, there is not yet a coherent reform programme covering all relevant aspects of education policy. Schooling attainment should be regularly evaluated in all schools against country-wide or state-wide standards, while leaving schools more freedom in determining suitable ways to reach their targets. Consideration should be given to postponing selection of pupils into different types of secondary schools to a later age. Hurdles for the mobility of teachers across states should be abolished.
A new programme provides additional funding until 2011 to highly performing universities. While this is a step forward toward more performance-oriented funding, incentives for universities to raise research performance and teaching quality need to be improved on a broader and more sustained basis. Allocation of government funding should be more strongly oriented toward output indicators, with funding by the federal government playing a significant role. Administrative allocation of students to universities should be terminated and more choice should be given to students and universities. All universities should be made independent entities and given the opportunity to introduce student fees coupled with a loan scheme and income-contingent repayments. This should not be used as a substitute for public funding.
Access to university should be widened, ensuring that non-academic tracks of secondary education prepare better for entry to university.
Graduation rates, 2003(1)
Per cent of graduates to the population at the typical age of graduation
1. 2002 for DNK, FIN, ITA.
Source: OECD, Education at a Glance (2005).
How to obtain this publication
The Policy Brief (pdf format) can also be downloaded. It contains the OECD assessment and recommendations, but not all of the charts included on the above pages.
Der Policy Brief (pdf-Format) steht zum Herunterladen zur Verfügung. Er enthält die Gesamtbeurteilung und die Empfehlungen der OECD aber nicht alle Abbildungen auf den Seiten oben.
The complete edition of the Economic Survey of Germany 2006 is available from:
For further information please contact the Germany Desk at the OECD Economics Department at firstname.lastname@example.org. The OECD Secretariat's report was prepared by Eckhard Wurzel and Andrés Fuentes under the supervision of Andreas Wörgötter.