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  • 4-January-2019

    English

    OECD Economic Survey of the United States: Key Research Findings

    This volume collects four studies that were prepared as background research to the 2018 OECD Economic Survey of the United States. Using micro-data survey responses, regional and sectorial data, these studies seek to provide insights into employment responds to labour market disruption and the drivers of household financial vulnerability in the United States. This volume represents a collaborative effort by a team of OECD and academic researchers.
  • 21-December-2018

    English

    Boosting Productivity and Inclusive Growth in Latin America

    Over the past two decades, most Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) countries have experienced robust economic growth and been able to make significant reductions in poverty and income inequality. However, growth in the region was not strong enough to ensure convergence towards levels of per capita income observed in advanced OECD economies. An important part of this underperformance can be explained by weak productivity growth. Should this weakness persist, it will be very difficult for LAC countries to achieve better lives for the majority of families. The present publication portrays the situation of LAC countries and discusses best-practice policies. Participation in global value chains is encouraged to enable knowledge spillovers and a process of learning by doing. More regional trade integration would help this process, as Latin America ranks very low and remains a sizeable outlier. The diffusion of knowledge and technology would be facilitated by making it easier to do business, notably allowing new entrants that are facing high barriers to operate and grow. Improved access to education is important to meet the demand for skills, and to boost innovation and research and development, which is particularly true in a context of fast technological change.
  • 17-December-2018

    English

    Do EU Funds boost productivity and employment? - Firm level analysis for Latvia

    This paper investigates the effects of spending the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) on productivity, employment and other performance indicators of Latvian firms.

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  • 13-December-2018

    English

    Keeping track of global trade in real time

    This paper builds an innovative composite world trade cycle index (WTI) by means of a dynamic factor model to monitor and perform short-term forecasts in real time of world trade growth of both goods and (usually neglected) services.

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  • 13-December-2018

    English

    Drivers of regional growth in Russia: A baseline model with application

    This paper presents an empirical framework model for assessing determinants of regional growth in Russia between 2004 and 2015 with an extension to include sub-national fiscal policies.

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  • 13-December-2018

    English

    Improving the Czech health care system

    The Czech health care system is doing well in terms of health outcomes compared to other Central East European economies that inherited similar health systems after the transition and has been converging to OECD averages.

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  • 12-December-2018

    English

    Fan charts around GDP projections based on probit models of downturn risk

    This paper describes a method for parameterising fan charts around GDP growth forecasts of the major OECD economies as well as the aggregate OECD.

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  • 12-December-2018

    English

    Making the most of immigration in Canada

    Canada’s immigration policy aims to promote economic development by selecting immigrants with high levels of human capital, to reunite families and to respond to foreign crises and offer protection to endangered people.

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  • 12-December-2018

    English

    Increasing inclusiveness for women, youth and seniors in Canada

    Women, youth and seniors face barriers to economic inclusion in Canada, with considerable scope to improve their labour market outcomes.

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  • 11-December-2018

    English

    Public spending on health and long-term care: a new set of projections

    This paper provides new projections of public spending on health and long-term care for OECD countries and the BRIICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa). Despite the inevitable uncertainty surrounding projections, they suggest a rapidly rising trend over the next 50 years.

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