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This paper presents a stylised model in which either a savings glut or an exchange rate peg in emerging economies drives down the level of interest rates in advanced economies and, when it hits the zero-rate bound, produces a welfare loss.
Homeownership rates have increased significantly in many OECD countries over recent decades.
Spain’s government has introduced ambitious consolidation measures, which should yield a sizeable improvement in discretionary fiscal efforts.
South Africa’s macroeconomic framework has served the economy well, but should be strengthened to make the economy more resilient to external shocks.
Raising efficiency in tax collection (notably VAT) is urgently needed, plans to unify the collection of tax and social security contributions should be implemented swiftly and drawing on EU funds needs to become more efficient.
The housing market figures among the main determinants of labour mobility, as households seldom make employment and housing decisions independently of each other.
As a result of reforms and financial sector development, the People’s Bank of China (PBoC) now exerts significant control over money market interest rates.
This paper analyses the factors influencing the level and volatility of real house prices in a panel of OECD countries over the period 1980-2005.
There is growing interest in the role of independent fiscal institutions, or fiscal councils, in helping to improve fiscal performance.
This paper tests the hypothesis that, by giving people more voice in the government decision-making process, fiscal decentralisation fosters social capital, measured in terms of interpersonal trust.