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This working paper describes the structure of the health care system in Hungary, highlights outstanding weaknesses and considers ways to make financing more stable and sustainable.
This working paper describes the main characteristics and the developments of the French tax system and examines some of its economic distortions and complexities.
Since the early 1990s, when France's general government deficit reached a disturbing 6% of GDP, the country's public finances have progressed substantially, even though significantly further improvement is required. This paper examines the tools available to policy makers to meet this challenge.
Key indicators show Germany belonging to the countries in the OECD with strong innovation activity even though some weakening in Germany’s position relative to other OECD countries has occurred recently, as discussed in this working paper.
This working paper suggests that while the German federal fiscal system has been successful in promoting a high standard of living even in regions whose economic capacity is low, tensions have emerged.
This working paper analyses the main features of Iceland's public expenditure and addresses some key policy issues.
This working paper analyses the Hungarian public expenditure system and develops policy-oriented recommendations for its improvement.
This working paper aims to identify structural reforms for better public spending management in Italy -in turn a critical need in view of the country's high debt and tax burdens, notwithstanding significant progress in the past decade.
English, , 228kb
This working paper analyses the possibilities for reforming the Icelandic tax system. It puts the current tax structure in its historic context, showing that there has been a steady movement towards simplification.
English, , 329kb
This working paper suggests that despite the considerable progress, in recent years, in broadening the tax base and improving tax compliance as well as administration, more needs to be done to enhance efficiency and equity and the overall performance of the tax system.