Publications & Documents


17-July-2009

English

Economic growth and the role of taxation – Theory

This paper provides a self-contained introduction to the economic modelling of growth and reviews the theoretical evidence on the extent of the link between taxation and growth.

15-July-2009

English

Economic Survey of Russia 2009: Stabilisation and renewed growth: Key challenges

After a decade of rapid growth, Russia has fallen into recession. The near term challenge is to limit the extent of the downturn, while beyond the crisis, a sounder growth model should be put in place.

15-July-2009

English

Economic Survey of Russia 2009: Ensuring growth-friendly fiscal policy in both the short and the long term

The immediate challenge is to gauge the optimal amount and form of stimulus and support for banks, while safeguarding fiscal sustainability. Looking further ahead, tax reform can help raise potential growth rates.

14-July-2009

English

Economic Survey of Brazil 2009: Reforming indirect taxes and labour levies

The complexities and fragmentation of Brazil’s tax system make it particularly onerous to enterprises, making it a priority for reform. The state-level VAT has often been used as an industrial policy instrument, resulting in predatory tax competition among the states. Remaining federal levies on enterprise turnover are detrimental to the competitiveness of Brazilian exports. The burden of payroll taxes and social security

8-July-2009

English

Taxes or grants: what revenue source for sub-central governments?

This paper analyses trends in and driving forces of the revenue composition of sub-central governments (SCG).

8-July-2009

English

Economic Survey of Belgium 2009: Improving fiscal federalism

Securing fiscal sustainability requires a reform of the fiscal federalism system. The current transfer system does not align spending and taxing responsibilities and the organisation of the federation is not promoting public spending efficiency.

8-July-2009

English

Economic Survey of Belgium 2009: Securing fiscal sustainability during the economic downturn and beyond

Public finances are shifting further away from fiscal sustainability, emphasising the need for the reform of the fiscal policy making and strategies to deal with the costs of ageing.

8-July-2009

English

The spending power of sub-central governments: A pilot study

This pilot study presents indicators that assess sub-central government (SCG) spending power by policy area. Traditional indicators are often misleading as they underestimate the impact of central government regulation on sub-central spending patterns.

8-July-2009

English

Economic Survey of Belgium 2009: How to reform the tax system to enhance economic growth

The tax system is relying too much on relatively growth distorting taxes. Despite reforms, labour taxation continues to contribute to substantial labour market traps while corporate tax rates are relatively high. Moreover, most tax bases are narrowed by numerous exemptions and reductions.

6-July-2009

English

Price and volume elasticities of Brazilian foreign trade: A profit function approach

To investigate the possible impact of terms of trade gains on the real economy, this paper estimates normalised quadratic input demand and output supply functions for the Brazilian economy during 1997-2008.

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