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Compulsory school education in Italy produces poor results in terms of 15-year-olds’ performance on PISA tests, compared with other OECD countries, despite a relatively high level of expenditure, as discussed in this working paper.
- Economic Survey of Italy 2009
Japan needs a credible fiscal consolidation plan, including spending cuts and tax increases, to maintain confidence in its fiscal sustainability as gross public debt nears 200% of GDP in 2010.
This working paper suggests that restoring competitiveness will require strengthening France's growth potential and to address the main long term determinants of that potential, such as fostering R&D, promoting innovation, reducing the tax burden, boosting competition and so on.
- Economic Survey of France 2009: The challenge of restoring French competitiveness
This paper reviews the supervisory and regulatory framework and the many reforms that have already been adopted to remedy these weaknesses. It also provides recommendations for further reforms.
- Economic Survey of the United Kingdom 2009
This paper surveys research that has undertaken empirical analysis of aggregate data. The focus of the survey is the identification of the factors that determine the rate of growth.
This paper surveys the empirical analysis of disaggregate data on growth. The aim is to identify how economic policy can affect the choices that have been identified as influences upon the rate of growth.
This paper provides a self-contained introduction to the economic modelling of growth and reviews the theoretical evidence on the extent of the link between taxation and growth.
This paper analyses trends in and driving forces of the revenue composition of sub-central governments (SCG).
This pilot study presents indicators that assess sub-central government (SCG) spending power by policy area. Traditional indicators are often misleading as they underestimate the impact of central government regulation on sub-central spending patterns.
To investigate the possible impact of terms of trade gains on the real economy, this paper estimates normalised quadratic input demand and output supply functions for the Brazilian economy during 1997-2008.