Latest Documents


8-July-2009

English

Economic Survey of Belgium 2009: Securing fiscal sustainability during the economic downturn and beyond

Public finances are shifting further away from fiscal sustainability, emphasising the need for the reform of the fiscal policy making and strategies to deal with the costs of ageing.

8-July-2009

English

The spending power of sub-central governments: A pilot study

This pilot study presents indicators that assess sub-central government (SCG) spending power by policy area. Traditional indicators are often misleading as they underestimate the impact of central government regulation on sub-central spending patterns.

8-July-2009

English

Economic Survey of Belgium 2009: How to reform the tax system to enhance economic growth

The tax system is relying too much on relatively growth distorting taxes. Despite reforms, labour taxation continues to contribute to substantial labour market traps while corporate tax rates are relatively high. Moreover, most tax bases are narrowed by numerous exemptions and reductions.

6-July-2009

English

Price and volume elasticities of Brazilian foreign trade: A profit function approach

To investigate the possible impact of terms of trade gains on the real economy, this paper estimates normalised quadratic input demand and output supply functions for the Brazilian economy during 1997-2008.

6-July-2009

English

Current account sustainability in Brazil: A non linear approach

To shed further light on this issue in the context of emerging market economies, this paper uses Brazilian data to estimate the determinants of the current account in a smooth transition vector autoregressive (ST VAR) setting.

2-July-2009

English

Economic Survey of Austria 2009: Facing the financial crisis

Austria entered the most severe recession in decades. This triggered prompt policy measures to stabilise the real economy and financial markets, which will deteriorate significantly the fiscal position.

29-June-2009

English

Economic Survey of the United Kingdom 2009: Restoring sound public finances

As in most other OECD countries, the fiscal situation in the UK has deteriorated sharply. While to date the discretionary fiscal stimulus has been relatively modest, after around the turn of the century the underlying fiscal position weakened more than anticipated. While there was some subsequent improvement, particularly in tax receipts, the severe impact of the downturn on the public finances and the borrowing related to the rescue

17-June-2009

English

Economic Survey of Italy 2009: The impact of the crisis and the potential for fiscal stimulus

Italy is suffering a serious economic recession, which started earlier than elsewhere but has now accelerated following the downturn elsewhere and collapse in world trade.

7-April-2009

English

Economic Survey of Finland 2010: Paving the way for sustainable public finances

The costs of the recession and ageing are a challenge to fiscal sustainability. The estimated fiscal sustainability gap has increased from 3 to 8% of GDP due to a sizeable permanent stimulus and lower potential output. A consolidation plan should be articulated now...

3-April-2009

English, , 245kb

Fiscal equalisation

Fiscal equalisation is a transfer of fiscal resources across jurisdictions to offset disparities in revenue raising capacity or public service cost. It covers on average 2.5% of GDP or 5% of total government expenditure across OECD countries.

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