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This paper examines how structural policies can influence a country's risk of suffering financial turmoil.
The global financial crisis of 2007-09 and the ensuing sovereign debt crisis in Europe provide evidence that portfolio rebalancing of financial investors can contribute to spread financial turmoil across countries.
Economic downturns which have their roots in preceding credit excesses and debt overhang have tended historically to be long lasting, whether the financial sector remained healthy or not.
Loan creation has not recovered after the crisis owing to a combination of demand and supply factors.
Hungarian debt level has steadily increased since 2001, with the debt-to-GDP ratio reaching about 84% at end-2011.
This paper investigates the existence of significant spillovers from the housing sector onto the wider economy for the seven major OECD countries using Uhlig's (2005) agnostic identification procedure.
The Czech fiscal position is generally sound and policy making is prudent. However, the fiscal framework was not strong enough to contain spending in the upturn and it would benefit from independent budget oversight.
The differential between the interest rate paid to service government debt and the growth rate of the economy is a key concept in assessing fiscal sustainability.
The management of government debt and assets has important implications for fiscal positions.
Bank regulation might have contributed to or even reinforced adverse systemic shocks that materialised during the financial crisis.