The euro area financial system took excessive risks during the global credit boom, which in some countries led to an unsustainable increase in credit, higher asset prices and housing booms.
Turkey is recovering from its most severe recession in several decades.
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This chapter discusses the size of current consolidation requirements and the pace at which budget positions should be strengthened in the context of a set of macroeconomic projections to 2025.
Large shifts in countries’ external current account positions can be disruptive, often reflecting sudden stops in the flows of external finance and leading to exchange rate and banking crises.
Turkey has considerably improved its terms of access to the global capital market. Progress in macroeconomic fundamentals has enhanced credibility and reduced risk premia and capital costs.
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Briefing on exchange rate developments
At the heart of the crisis are failures of financial regulation, of supervision, of risk management and of corporate governance.
The intensification of the global financial crisis in late 2008 led to large capital outflows from Korea and turmoil in its capital markets.
This paper assesses the sustainability of global imbalances by testing for the presence of unit roots in the current account positions of the United States, China, Japan, Germany and the oil-exporting countries using a methodology that allows for structural breaks in levels and trends.
This study analyses the impact of economic catching up on annual inflation rates in the European Union with a special focus on the new member countries of Central and Eastern Europe.