Working Papers


3-April-2013

English

Income inequality and poverty in Colombia. Part 2. The redistributive impact of taxes and transfers

Income inequality in Colombia has declined since the early 2000s but remains very high by international standards. While most of the inequality originates from the labour market, wealth – and thus capital income – is also highly concentrated and the tax and transfer system has little redistributive impact.

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3-April-2013

English

Income inequality and poverty in Colombia. Part 1. The role of the labour market

Income inequality in Colombia has declined since the early 2000s but remains very high by international standards. Income dispersion largely originates from the labour market, which is characterised by a still high unemployment rate, a pervasive informal sector and a wide wage dispersion reflecting a large education premium for those with higher education.

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14-March-2013

English

Strengthening social cohesion in Luxembourg: making efficiency and equity go hand in hand

Luxembourg is a rich and fast-growing country. However, inequality of disposable incomes has trended up modestly over the past decades and relative poverty has risen reflecting mainly the rapid growth of high incomes.

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14-March-2013

English

Work incentives and Universal Credit – reform of the benefit system in the United Kingdom

Under the Universal Credit reform, the main means-tested benefits except the Council Tax Benefit will be pooled into one single benefit with one single taper rate. The reform will give people better incentives to work, reduce complexity and contribute to reducing poverty.

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14-March-2013

English

Labour market, welfare reform and inequality in the United Kingdom

Employment has risen by more and unemployment has risen less than expected, given the path of output. Nevertheless, long-term and youth unemployment and involuntary part-time work are high. A polarised labour market risks worsening income inequality, which is high by OECD standards, despite a recent and likely temporary decline.

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26-February-2013

English

Do the average level and dispersion of socio-economic background measures explain France’s gap in PISA scores?

OECD’s PISA publications highlight the impact of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS) on students’ results within countries. The focus here is to investigate whether ESCS measures could contribute to differences in aggregate educational outcomes between countries.

21-February-2013

English

Educational attainment and labour market outcomes in South Africa, 1994-2010

In this paper we document the impact of education levels on labour market outcomes from 1994 to 2010 using national household survey data.

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21-February-2013

English

Education quality and labour market outcomes in South Africa

In this paper we include measures of school quality in regressions determining the labour market premiums to education level.

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21-February-2013

English

Labour market and social policies to foster more inclusive growth in Sweden

Sweden is a very egalitarian country but inequalities have risen and some groups are poorly integrated into the labour market.

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6-February-2013

English

Do policies that reduce unemployment raise its volatility? Evidence from OECD countries

In this paper we examine whether past labour market reforms aiming at reducing the rate of unemployment have raised its long-run volatility.

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