While Japan has achieved outstanding scores on the PISA exams, further improving educational outcomes is important to sustain growth in the face of rapid population ageing.
In recent years, India has enjoyed one of the highest growth rates worldwide, weathering the global financial crisis better than many other countries.
Education has been given high priority by India’s central and state governments and continues to grow fast. Nevertheless, high drop-out rates and low attendance continues to be a challenge at lower levels and enrolment at higher levels remains modest by international standards.
Estonia has already experienced many benefits of increasing international integration, most obviously in significant convergence.
This paper uses an impulse-response function approach to assess the magnitude and persistence of the labour force participation effects of downturns for a sample of 30 countries over the period 1960-2008.
This paper critically reviews the current state of cross-country research on informality and discusses how existing data sources can be more effectively employed and extended to shed light on the link between public policies and informality.
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Given the slack remaining in economic activity and labour utilisation, together with still-anchored inflation expectations, aggregate demand policies have a role to play in supporting the economic recovery and stimulate jobs.
Meeting of National Economic Research Organisations, OECD Headquarters, 20 June 2011
Nearly two years after production began to recover from the worst recession to have hit OECD countries since the 1930s, the labour market situation remains a major preoccupation.
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Aggregate demand policies have a role to play in supporting the economic recovery and stimulate jobs. Enhancing vocational training is desirable, even if beefing-up such programmes may be difficult in countries facing large budget deficits or with limited training infrastructure.