Productivity and long term growth

Joint OECD-NBER Conference on Productivity Growth and Innovation in the Long Run


25-26 September 2014 - OECD Conference Centre

In the long run, achieving strong, sustainable and inclusive growth relies heavily on increases in the productivity of all factor inputs. However, despite large and growing investments in knowledge and innovation, productivity growth in many OECD countries has slowed over the past decade. At the same time, there is an urgent need for more rapid innovation to counter headwinds on growth due inter alia to ageing and  environmental constraints. What factors explain the productivity slowdown? What can OECD countries do to improve future prospects for productivity growth and innovation?



This conference organised by the OECD and National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) served as a valuable platform for key experts from the academic and policymaking community to share their views on: i) the key factors that will influence future productivity growth; ii) the possible sources of the productivity slowdown; and iii) the feasibility of various public policy responses to the problem.


What did the conference address?

The conference covered a wide range of important issues, including:

  • lessons that can be drawn from economic history;
  • the relationship between inequality, immigration, environmental constraints and future productivity growth;
  • the contribution to productivity growth of

              - organisational change
              - technological progress and
              - resource allocation

  • the role of agglomeration economies in driving long run productivity outcomes.

Read the summary report


Who attended?

The conference attracted leading international academic experts on productivity and innovation, as well as policy makers from OECD member countries. 


Conference Productivity growth and innovation in the long run - Picture

Conference documents

Summary report
View all presentations

Background papers

The new empirical economics of management

Abandoning fossil fuel: how fast and how much

Climate tipping and economic growth: precautionary saving and the social cost of carbon

Climate tipping requires precautionary accumulation of capital and an additional price for carbon emissions 

The growth of cities

More inequality, less social mobility

Watch the conference 

25 September - Morning session



25 September - Afternoon session


26 September - Morning session
26 September - Afternoon session


For more information on the conference please contact Sarah Michelson or Sarah Ferguson.


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