Latest Documents


  • 10-December-2009

    English

    Health-care reform in Japan: controlling costs, improving quality and ensuring equity

    Japan’s health-care system has provided universal access to care and contributed to the outstanding health status of the Japanese. Public spending has been kept below the OECD average through high co-payment rates and reductions in medical fees.

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  • 10-December-2009

    English

    Recent Oil Price Movements– Forces and Policy Issues

    This paper considers major forces behind the evolution of the oil price, using a simple model of supply and demand elasticities as a benchmark, highlights implications for inflation and economic activity and draws some conclusions for macroeconomic policy.

  • 3-December-2009

    English

    Promoting competition to strengthen economic growth in Belgium

    Prices for many goods and services in Belgium are higher than in other countries, reflecting generally weak competitive pressures.

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  • 3-November-2009

    English

    Russia’s long and winding road to a more efficient and resilient banking sector

    This paper discusses the policy imperatives in the short term, in the face of the ongoing economic crisis, and reforms that could be implemented over the longer term to improve the efficiency and resilience of the financial system and raise Russia’s potential growth rate.

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  • 3-November-2009

    English

    How do institutions affect structural unemployment in times of crises?

    This paper examines the effect of economic crises on structural unemployment using an Autoregressive Distributed Lags model and accounting for the role of institutional settings.

  • 3-November-2009

    English

    Pedal to the metal: Structural reforms to boost long-term growth in Mexico and spur recovery from the crisis

    While Mexico’s growth performance has gradually improved over the past decades, its convergence toward OECD countries has been less rapid than in several other emerging markets.

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  • 3-November-2009

    English

    Achieving higher performance: Enhancing spending efficiency in health and education in Mexico

    Despite progress over the past two decades Mexico’s health and education indicators remain well below the average of the OECD and some of its Latin American emerging market peers.

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  • 29-October-2009

    English

    Understanding the world trade collapse

    This paper shows that world demand (to which trade has become more responsive in recent decades) can explain most of the collapse in world trade, but that tight credit conditions have likely amplified the short-term trade response.

  • 15-October-2009

    English

    Iceland: Challenging Times for Monetary and Fiscal Policies (Economics Department Working Paper 726)

    This working paper discusses what policy makers should do in order to restore balance in the Icelandic economy and lay out the foundations for a sustainable recovery.

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  • 7-October-2009

    English, , 2,925kb

    Reform beyond the crisis

    This paper discusses how governments can “seize the moment” of the economic crisis to suggest and implement structural reforms. It examines the particular challenges to reform – and possible solutions to those challenges.

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