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English, Excel, 387kb
The needs of a household grow with each additional member but – due to economies of scale in consumption– not in a proportional way. With the help of equivalence scales each household type in the population is assigned a value in proportion to its needs.
English, , 275kb
We assess fiscal policy from the perspective of fairness between generations and the relationship between this and national saving, in the context where the United Kingdom is the lowest-saving of all the OECD economies.
This working paper suggests that restoring competitiveness will require strengthening France's growth potential and to address the main long term determinants of that potential, such as fostering R&D, promoting innovation, reducing the tax burden, boosting competition and so on.
Labour market outcomes have improved markedly in the past years as the beneficial effects of the economic upswing were reinforced by important structural reforms.
The high public debt and a large pension burden heighten the urgency to improve the efficiency of the public sector to enhance fiscal viability and restore room for manoeuvre for stabilization policy.
High public debt leaves virtually no room for fiscal manoeuvre to limit the impact of the crisis in Greece. The close trade and banking links established with the Balkan countries might be a risk in the near future.
The health care system is seen as not working well by the population. One source of dissatisfaction is the high share of private spending on health. Public health care services need also improvement.
Despite improved fundamentals, Mexico is hit hard by the financial crisis, being exposed to several simultaneous external shocks. A welcome, but weak, stimulus was passed for 2009, and policy will likely need to be supportive also in 2010.
While Mexico’s growth performance has gradually improved over the past decades, its convergence toward OECD countries has been slow.
This paper provides an overview of the organisation and financing of the National Health Service, reviews its performance, assesses the reforms since the start of the decade and provides recommendations for further development.