Latest Documents


  • 27-May-2015

    English

    Recent trends in productivity in China – shift-share analysis of labour productivity growth and the evolution of the productivity gap

    This paper first decomposes labour productivity growth over 2000-11 into a within-industry, a shift and a cross effect in a number of countries and compares China with other countries over this period. This shift-share analysis also allows a comparison of within-sector productivity gains across a large number of sectors and countries.

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  • 30-April-2015

    English

    Spurring growth in lagging regions in the Slovak Republic

    Regional inequality in Slovakia is among the highest in the OECD and is increasing. The main reason for regional disparity is the combination of low economic growth and job creation in the eastern and central part of the country and insufficient labour mobility to the west, in particular by low-skilled workers.

  • 8-April-2015

    English

    Effects of economic policies on microeconomic stability

    This paper shows that household-level economic instability is only very loosely related to macroeconomic volatility. However, the analysis also uncovers that moving to highly competitive policies generally reduces micro-level instability.

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  • 9-March-2015

    English, PDF, 514kb

    Grade repetition: a comparative study of academic and non-academic consequences

    This article explores country-by-country differences in academic performance and attitudes towards school between students who repeated a grade in primary school, in secondary school or never repeated a grade. The analyses use PISA 2009 for 30 countries in which a relatively high proportion of students repeated a grade before the age of 15.

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  • 9-March-2015

    English, PDF, 418kb

    Using a quasi-natural experiment to identify the effects of birth-related leave policies on subjective well-being in Europe

    The purpose of this paper is to examine the welfare effects of birth-related leave (BRL) in terms of life satisfaction. To do so, we exploit variations in BRL policies to assess their impact on life satisfaction.

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  • 9-March-2015

    English, PDF, 334kb

    Towards global carbon pricing: direct and indirect linking of carbon markets

    Emissions trading systems (ETS) can play a major role in a cost-effective climate policy framework. Both direct linking of ETSs and indirect linking through a common crediting mechanism can reduce costs of action. We use a global recursive-dynamic computable general equilibrium model to assess the effects of direct and indirect linking of ETS systems across world regions.

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  • 9-March-2015

    English, PDF, 510kb

    Demographic or labour market trends: what determines the distribution of household earnings in OECD countries?

    This article assesses various underlying driving factors for the evolution of household earnings inequality for 23 OECD countries from the mid-1980s to the mid-2000s.

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  • 9-March-2015

    English, PDF, 283kb

    Technological effects of intra-OECD trade in manufacturing: a panel data analysis over the period 1988-2008

    This article seeks to study how intra-OECD trade in manufacturing goods has affected technological heterogeneity across member states during 1988-2008. To this aim, we derive a panel data version of the Eaton and Kortum (2002) normalised trade model to estimate, annually, the technological heterogeneity of OECD countries.

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  • 9-March-2015

    English, PDF, 527kb

    Policy incentives for private innovation and maximising the returns

    This paper uses panel regression techniques to assess the policy determinants of private-sector innovative activity – proxied by R&D expenditure and the number of new patents – across 19 OECD countries. The relationship between innovation indicators and multifactor productivity (MFP) growth is also examined with a particular focus on the role of public policies in influencing the returns to new knowledge.

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  • 9-March-2015

    English, PDF, 511kb

    Choosing the pace of fiscal consolidation

    In many OECD countries debt has soared to levels threatening fiscal sustainability, necessitating its reduction over the medium to longer term. This paper proposes a stylised model, featuring endogenous interactions between fiscal policy, growth and financial markets, to highlight how economic shocks and structural features of an economy can affect consolidation strategy and resulting growth and inflation developments.

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