Triangular Co-operation



‌Triangular co-operation can bring together the best of different actors - bilateral providers of development co-operation, partners in South-South co-operation and international organisations - to share knowledge and implement projects that support the common goal of reducing poverty and promoting development. There is no internationally agreed definition of "triangular co-operation", which may also be referred to as "trilateral co-operation" or "trilateral assistance" or "tripartite co-operation" or "tripartite agreement". This highlights the need for further work to build consensus on the main characteristics of triangular co-operation and to clarify how to make the most out of triangular co-operation and deal with its challenges. The OECD has been contributing substantially in recent years to promote dialogue on and encourage greater analysis of triangular co-operation.



OECD publications on triangular co-operation

Triangular Co-operation 2015 fact sheet Triangular Co-operation factsheet - Findings from a 2015 Survey (pdf, 487 KB) / in French (pdf, 560 KB)
Triangular Co-operation survey 2012 Triangular Co-operation: What can we learn from a survey of actors involved? (pdf, 1.50 MB) / in French (pdf, 960 KB)
Triangular Co-operation literature review Triangular Co-operation: What’s the literature telling us? (pdf, 1.28 MB) / in French (pdf, 928 KB)
 Conclusions of 2013 Triangular Co-operation Policy Dialogue Conclusion of the Triangular Co-operation Policy Dialogue, Lisbon, 16-17 May 2013 (pdf 115 KB); in French (pdf 180 KB)
Triangular Co-operation Conclusions Lisbon 2013 Triangular Co-operation: Conclusions of brainstorming meeting, Lisbon, 13-14 September 2012 (pdf, 445 KB)
Triangular Co-operation emerging messages DAC HLM 2012 Triangular Co-­operation: Emerging policy messages and interim findings from analytical work (2012), report prepared for the 2012 DAC High Level Meeting (London, 4-5 December 2012) (pdf, 440 KB)
Triangular Co-operation DAC HLM 2012 Triangular co-operation: facts and figures prepared for the 2012 DAC High Level Meeting (London, 4-5 December 2012) (pdf, 644 KB)
Triangular co-operation - aid effectiveness 2009 Triangular Co-operation and Aid Effectiveness - Can triangular co-operation make aid more effective? (2009)  (pdf, 12.5MB)
Triangular Co-operation what do we know Triangular Co-operation: What Do We Know About It?  Factsheet (2009) (pdf, 520 KB)

Triangular co-operation in the international development agenda

DAC HLM 2014 UN SUMMIT Third International Conference on FfD COP21 DAC HLM 2016

Buenos Aires Plan of Action (BAPA) Accra Agenda for Action (AAA) High Level UN Conference on South-South Busan Partnership Agreement Policy Dialogue on Development Co-operation Brainstorming Meeting on Triangular Co-operation Policy Dialogue on Triangular C-operation in Lisbon Focus session during High Level Meeting of Global Partnership