Mexico published figures on its development co-operation programme for the first time in 2014. According to these figures, Mexico’s concessional finance for development reached USD 277 million in 2012, up from USD 269 million in 2011. Out of the total disbursed in 2012, the OECD estimates that at least USD 210 million meets the criteria of Official Development Assistance (ODA). Of this amount, 54% was channelled through multilateral organisations.
The Law on International Co-operation for Development (April 2011) gave the government a mandate to set up the International Development Co-operation Programme and create the Mexican Agency of International Development Co-operation (AMEXCID), as well as the tools necessary to programme, co-ordinate, implement and evaluate development co-operation. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs has overall responsibility for Mexico’s development co-operation, which is managed by AMEXCID.
Mexico’s priority partner countries are those in Latin America and the Caribbean. The main sectors of its bilateral development co‑operation are public administration, education, science and technology, agriculture, environmental protection and health. Mexico’s bilateral development co‑operation is provided mainly through technical and scientific co-operation.
Mexico is also engaged in triangular co-operation, partnering with several international organisations (e.g. the Inter-American Institute for Co-operation on Agriculture/IICA, UNICEF, United Nations Development Programme and World Trade Organization) and Development Assistance Committee (DAC) members (e.g. Germany, Japan and Spain) to support other developing countries, mainly in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Mexico’s development co‑operation through multilateral organisations is primarily channelled through the United Nations agencies, although the main single recipient of Mexican funds was the Inter-American Development Bank.
Mexico has been a member of the OECD since 1994 and is an observer to the DAC. In 2013, Mexico participated in the DAC Senior-Level Meeting and contributed to the DAC’s work on triangular co‑operation and aid for trade.