In 2015, Mexico published figures on its development co-operation programme for 2013 (Government of Mexico, 2015); these are the most recent consolidated figures available on Mexico’s development co-operation.[i] According to these figures, Mexico’s international development co‑operation reached USD 552 million in 2013, up from USD 277 million in 2012 (Government of Mexico, 2014). Out of the total disbursed in 2013, the OECD estimates that at least USD 529 million would count as development co‑operation in DAC statistics. The large increase in Mexico’s development co‑operation in 2013 is explained by a debt relief operation with Cuba, which represented 82% of Mexico’s total bilateral co‑operation. Mexico channelled 20% of the USD 529 million through multilateral organisations in 2013 (OECD estimates based on Government of Mexico 2015 and websites of multilateral organisations). More recent estimates by the OECD suggest that Mexico channelled USD 106 million through multilateral organisations in 2014.
The Law on International Co-operation for Development (2011) mandated the government to set up the International Development Co-operation Programme and the Mexican Agency of International Development Cooperation (AMEXCID), as well as the tools necessary to programme, co-ordinate, implement, monitor, report and evaluate development co-operation. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs has overall responsibility for Mexico’s development co-operation, which is co-ordinated by the Agency and implemented through public institutions at the federal level.
Mexico’s priority partner countries are those in Latin America and the Caribbean. The priority sectors for its bilateral development co-operation are public administration, agriculture, environmental protection, statistics, education, science and technology, and health. Mexico’s bilateral development co-operation is provided mainly through technical and scientific co-operation provided by civil servants who are experts in the specific sectoral topic. The main mechanism for regional co-operation is the Mesoamerican Integration and Development Project.
Mexico is also engaged in triangular co-operation, partnering with Development Assistance Committee (DAC) members (e.g. Germany, Japan and Spain), Chile and several international organisations (e.g. the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture, UNICEF, the United Nations Development Programme and the World Trade Organization) to support other developing countries, mainly in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Mexico’s development co-operation through multilateral organisations is primarily channelled through the United Nations (56%) and regional development banks (42%).
Mexico, which joined the OECD in 1994, is an observer to the DAC.
[i]. Since the approval of the Mexican Law on International Development Cooperation in 2011, Mexico has started collecting data on an annual basis on development co-operation activities by federal institutions. In 2014, the Mexican Agency for International Development Cooperation launched the National Registry of International Development Cooperation and improved the methodological work to define its own directives for quantifying its development co-operation.