In 2014, Hungary’s net ODA amounted to USD 144 million, representing an increase of 13% in real terms over 2013. The ODA/GNI ratio also increased, from 0.10% to 0.11%. Preliminary data show that ODA reached USD 152 million in 2015 (0.13% of GNI).
The International Development Cooperation Strategy and Strategic Concept for International Humanitarian Aid of Hungary for the period 2014-20 were approved by the Hungarian government in March 2014. On 1 July 2015, the Act XC on International Development Cooperation and International Humanitarian Assistance entered into force. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade is the key institution responsible for planning, implementing and co-ordinating Hungary’s development co-operation and humanitarian assistance.
In 2014, Hungary provided its bilateral development co-operation mostly to Jordan, Ukraine, Serbia, Viet Nam and Sri Lanka. The main sectors of Hungary’s bilateral development co‑operation were education, business and other services, and water supply and sanitation. Hungary provides its bilateral development co-operation in the form of scholarships, aid to refugees and small-scale technical co‑operation projects.
Multilateral ODA accounted for 79% of Hungary’s total ODA in 2014, provided primarily through the European Union (accounting for 81% of multilateral ODA in 2014) as well as through the World Bank Group (12%), the United Nations (5%) and other multilateral organisations.
Hungary, which joined the OECD in 1996, is an observer to the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) and for the first time reported to the OECD on its development co-operation programme at activity level in 2015.