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This paper studies technological upgrades in China and India, which export products associated with productivity levels higher than their income level. China is the world's largest exporter of high-tech products. India has been more successful in business and IT services exports.
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This paper studies the interaction between different actors in the policy-making process of fiscal transfer reform in Colombia, analysing this reform and showing that economic context and institutional factors were fundamental in achieving the reform.
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This paper documents the increase in labour disputes in China and seeks to understand their determinants. It was written as a background document for the Perspectives on Global Development 2012: Social cohesion in a shifting world along with case studies on Chile and India.
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Updated estimates of the additional financial resources needed in developing countries to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are presented in this paper. The international community needs to broaden its notion of development co-operation to reach the MDGs by the 2015 deadline.
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This paper analyses the links between emigration and labour markets in Honduras and finds that a 10% increase in emigration from Honduras increased wages in Honduras by around 10%, an increase which is higher than previous findings in other countries – but diminishing over time.
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This working paper uses an agricultural household model to explore the impact of potential immigration policy reforms on the welfare of rural households in Burkina Faso.
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This working paper presents findings from an evaluation of the impacts of immigration policies on the welfare of migrants and their families in migrant-sending countries, focussing on Mexico and Nicaragua (US policies in the first case and US and Costa Rican policies in the second).
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In a sample of 128 countries, we identify 25 episodes of large nominal and real appreciations shocks and study their macroeconomic effects in a dummy-augmented panel autoregressive model. Results show that an exchange rate appreciation can have strong effects on current account balances.
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Social protection coverage is quite low in Latin America. This situation represents a challenge for public policy since these low levels of affiliation and irregular contribution histories indicate that pensions will be insufficient in the coming decades.
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This working paper, the 2010 update of the FDI Restrictiveness Index (FDI Index), expands the sectors covered and revises the way in which FDI measures are scored and weighted.