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This paper reviews road concession programmes in Chile, Colombia and Peru over the period 1993-2010 and analyses how their shortcomings have resulted in large extra fiscal costs. Weak State institutions, unclear legislation and deficient contract design have allowed for frequent and costly renegotiation of road concessions.
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This joint work by the OECD Development Centre and Fedesarrollo focuses on the policy making process of transport infrastructure in Colombia for the period 2002-10. It identifies the main bottlenecks to be improved in the implementation of public policies in the main phases of the transport infrastructure policy cycle, namely planning, budgeting, execution (i.e. new investment and maintenance), and monitoring and evaluation.
This report reviews the Korean catching up and analyzes the recent reforms which have been put in place to address the territorial dimension in the design and implementation of industrial policies, with a view to share knowledge and policy experience with emerging and developing economies.
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Although South-South migrants face much of the same discrimination and integration challenges as their South-North counterparts, South-South flows need to be analysed from a different standpoint.
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This paper studies technological upgrades in China and India, which export products associated with productivity levels higher than their income level. China is the world's largest exporter of high-tech products. India has been more successful in business and IT services exports.
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This paper studies the interaction between different actors in the policy-making process of fiscal transfer reform in Colombia, analysing this reform and showing that economic context and institutional factors were fundamental in achieving the reform.
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This paper documents the increase in labour disputes in China and seeks to understand their determinants. It was written as a background document for the Perspectives on Global Development 2012: Social cohesion in a shifting world along with case studies on Chile and India.
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Updated estimates of the additional financial resources needed in developing countries to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are presented in this paper. The international community needs to broaden its notion of development co-operation to reach the MDGs by the 2015 deadline.
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This paper analyses the links between emigration and labour markets in Honduras and finds that a 10% increase in emigration from Honduras increased wages in Honduras by around 10%, an increase which is higher than previous findings in other countries – but diminishing over time.
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This working paper uses an agricultural household model to explore the impact of potential immigration policy reforms on the welfare of rural households in Burkina Faso.