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Statistical Sources and Methods
The development community has shown wide interest in better understanding the mobilisation effect of public development finance. Two Surveys were launched by the DAC Secretariat in 2013 and 2014, with the objective of exploring the feasibility of measuring in the DAC system the amounts mobilised by public development finance.
In 2013, Qatar’s development co‑operation amounted to USD 486 million in 2012, compared to USD 684 million in 2011 (OECD estimates). Qatar channelled 1% of its development co-operation through multilateral institutions.
Mexico published figures on its development co-operation programme for the first time in 2014. According to these figures, Mexico’s concessional finance for development reached USD 277 million in 2012, up from USD 269 million in 2011.
In 2012, Indonesia’s development co-operation amounted to an estimated USD 19 million, compared to USD 7 million in 2011 (OECD estimates). USD 16 million (86%) was channelled through multilateral organisations.
According to OECD estimates, Colombia’s concessional finance for development reached USD 87 million in 2012, compared to USD 22 million in 2011 (OECD estimates). Most of these flows were channelled to and through multilateral organisations. In 2012, Colombia’s contributions through multilateral organisations that would qualify as ODA amounted to USD 78 million, up from USD 21 million in 2011 (OECD estimate).
In 2013, China’s bilateral co-operation reached USD 3.1 billion, compared to USD 2.6 billion in 2012 (OECD estimates). Including developmental funds channelled through multilateral organisations, the OECD estimates that China’s total concessional finance for development reached USD 2.8 billion in 2012.
According to OECD estimates, Chile’s concessional finance for development reached USD 42 million in 2012 (OECD estimate). Chile’s contributions through multilateral organisations that would qualify as ODA amounted to USD 31 million, or 74%.
In 2013, Brazil published a report on its 2010 development co-operation programme (Ipea and ABC, 2013). Based on that report, the OECD estimates that USD 500 million of Brazil’s international co‑operation would meet the criteria for ODA.
In 2013, Turkey’s net ODA amounted to USD 3.3 billion, representing an increase of 30% in real terms over 2012. The large increase in Turkish ODA over the last years is strongly related to its response to the Syrian refugee crisis.
In 2013, Latvia’s net ODA amounted to USD 24 million, representing an increase of 12% in real terms over 2012. The ratio of ODA as a share of GNI also rose, from 0.07% to 0.08%. Multilateral ODA accounted for 94% of Latvia’s total ODA.