OECD Home › Development › Publications & Documents › Statistical Sources and Methods
Statistical Sources and Methods
The development community has shown wide interest in better understanding the mobilisation effect of public development finance. Two Surveys were launched by the DAC Secretariat in 2013 and 2014, with the objective of exploring the feasibility of measuring in the DAC system the amounts mobilised by public development finance.
Innovative financing for development refers to initiatives that aim to raise new funds for development, or optimise the use of traditional funding sources. They aim to narrow the gap between the resources needed to achieve the Millennium Development Goals, and the resources actually available.
National and international development finance institutions (DFIs) are specialised development banks or subsidiaries set up to support private sector development in developing countries. They are usually majority owned by national governments and source their capital from national or international development funds or benefit from government guarantees.
In the context of the current global financial crisis, remittances represent an important source of finance for many developing countries, especially as they tend to rise during downturns in the receiving economy – unlike capital flows such as foreign direct investment, which tend to fall.
In parallel with ODA, export credits extended by official-export credit agencies also help finance large-scale projects in key sectors such as infrastructure, especially when they are perceived as economically viable.
Philanthropic foundations play an important role in sustainable development – not only in mobilising financial resources, but also as development actors in their own right. Philanthropy is often thought of as “the rich giving to the poor”, but a different way of looking at it is society investing in its future.
The DAC List of ODA Recipients: An information note on the revision of the DAC List.
Built on an earlier concept of “core” aid, we have developed the concept of country programmable aid (CPA). CPA is much closer than ODA to capturing the flows of aid that goes to the partner country.
The OECD estimates that Qatar’s development co-operation amounted to USD 1.3 billion in 2013 compared to 544 million in 2012 and USD 734 million in 2011. Qatar channelled 1% of its development co-operation through multilateral institutions, mainly through the United Nations and the Islamic Development Bank.
Mexico published figures on its development co-operation programme for the first time in 2014. According to these figures, Mexico’s international development co-oeration reached USD 277 million in 2012, up from USD 269 million in 2011. Out of the total disbursed in 2012, the OECD estimates that at least USD 203 million meets the criteria of Official Development Assistance (ODA).