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An unprecedented change in Africa’s economic performance has occurred since independence. This note looks back at the main features of the continent’s economic transformation.
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The SAEO draws upon the OECD Development Centre’s close co-operation with other OECD directorates such as the Statistics Directorate and the Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry, which are known as leading providers of reliable, unbiased and comparable economic and social data.
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Latin American and Caribbean countries have shown themselves to be in a stable position to confront international turmoil. Sustained growth and democratic stability have strengthened the region, and have led to less pronounced recessions and more swift recoveries compared to OECD economies.
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This note is produced in the framework of the OECD Horizontal Programme on Water (www.oecd.org/water). It presents data on external finance for water supply and sanitation in developing countries.
With more than two-thirds of the world’s poor living in rural areas, higher rural incomes are a pre-requisite for sustained poverty reduction and reduced hunger. This volume sets out a strategy for raising rural incomes which emphasises the creation of diversified rural economies with opportunities within and outside agriculture. Agricultural policies need to be integrated within an overall mix of policies and institutional reforms that facilitate, rather than impede, structural change. By investing in public goods, such as infrastructure and agricultural research, and by building effective social safety nets, governments can limit the role of less efficient policies such as price controls and input subsidies.
This project analyses good government policies and responsible business practices to enhance the contribution of private and international investment to reducing carbon emissions.
“Strategic Environmental Assessment in Development Practice: Review of Recent Experience” showcases on-ground experience of applying Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) in developing country context.
The principles of sustainable development play an integral role in making development assistance work at the level of policies, plans and programmes. In response to the Paris Declaration call to “… develop and apply common approaches for ‘Strategic Environmental Assessment’ at sector and national levels” among donors and partners, the Guidance on Applying Strategic Environmental Assessment was endorsed in 2006 by members of the OECD Development Assistance Committee, representatives of developing countries receiving aid, the United Nations Development Programme, the United Nations Environment Programme, the World Bank and many other agencies. Since then, a growing number of countries at all levels of development have legislation or regulations prescribing the application of Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) and many more are introducing it as part of their policy tools. This is creating unique opportunities for better policy making and planning by incorporating environmental considerations into high-level decision-making and opening new mechanisms to build consensus on development priorities within governments themselves and between governments and societies.
Many development co-operation agencies and their partners are already making good progress in applying SEA. This publication presents the nine most interesting case studies of SEA in progress, selected from a total 100. These nine cases highlight that SEA can:
• Safeguard environmental assets for sustainable poverty reduction and development;
• Build public engagement in decision making;
• Prevent costly mistakes by alerting decision-makers to potentially unsustainable development options at an early stage in the decision-making process;
• Speed up implementation of projects and programmes;
• Facilitate co-operation around shared environmental resources and contribute to conflict prevention.
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U.S. Department of State Program Evaluation Policy