English, PDF, 2,395kb
Tax reforms must play a central role in a country’s medium- and long-term development strategy. The report analyses some of the possible tax reforms in the Dominican Republic within a regional and international context of good practices. The fiscal recommendations are made within the context of the institutional frameworks, with particular emphasis on matters of economic policy that should be considered in the reform process.
English, PDF, 1,055kb
The Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) has completed its Development Effectiveness Review of the Asian Development Bank.
The Tanzanian government, in partnership with the OECD and NEPAD, has undertaken a review of its investment policies to support its national strategy for economic reform and to improve the business climate and attract more investment in key sectors, such as infrastructure and agriculture. This page describes the review process.
Over the last decade, the Slovak Republic has established itself as a provider of development co operation. Slovakia more than tripled its volume of official development assistance (ODA) between 2004 and 2008.
Iceland's legal and policy framework bring together all of Iceland's development co-operation - bilateral, multilateral and humanitarian and is backed up by a strategy that has been adopted by the Parliament.
Tax revenues provide governments with funds to invest in development, relieve poverty, deliver public services and build the physical and social infrastructure for long-term growth. Moreover, there are mutually beneficial links between taxation and good governance. Tax and Development: Aid Modalities for Strengthening Tax Systems highlights how taxation can have a positive effect on the quality of governance and a government’s relationship with citizens and, in turn, how good governance can have a positive effect on compliance and revenue mobilisation.
How can international assistance providers, including OECD members, international and regional organisations, support the development of tax systems in developing countries? Tax and Development: Aid Modalities for Strengthening Tax Systems provides practical guidance for policy makers and practitioners based on the results of an extensive literature review, a survey of aid agency officials and six country case studies (Ghana, Guatemala, Liberia, Mali, Mozambique, and Tanzania). It examines the aid instruments that donors use to assist developing countries including general and sector budget support, basket financing, stand-alone bilateral aid and funding South-South organisations. The strengths and weaknesses of each modality for supporting tax systems are identified, and some 50 recommendations to support the development of effective, efficient and growth-oriented tax systems in developing countries are provided.
Communicating the results of an evaluation is a critical step of the process. Effective communication helps ensure information reaches the target audience in a timely, useful way. The DAC Network on Development Evaluation works to support our members' communication activities and actively disseminates evaluation findings to support decision making and inform policy debates.
By 2015, half of the world’s people living on less than USD 1.25 a day will be in fragile states. While poverty has decreased globally, progress on Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 1 is slower in fragile states than in other developing countries. Fragile states are also off-track to meet the rest of the MDGs by 2015.
Fragile situations became a central concern of the international development and security agenda in the 1990s. Since then, powerful forces have been influencing the causes and manifestations of fragility, including the combination of democratic aspirations, new technologies, demographic shifts and climate change. The last five years have been especially tumultuous, encompassing the 2008 food, fuel and financial crisis and the Arab Spring, which began in 2011.These events have influenced the international debate on the nature, relevance and implications of fragility. While situations of fragility clearly have common elements – including poverty, inequality and vulnerability – how can we make sense of the great diversity in their national income, endowment in natural resources or historical trajectories? How do we move towards a more substantive concept of fragility that goes beyond a primary focus on the quality of government policies and institutions to include a broader picture of the economy and society? This publication takes stock of i) the evolution of fragility as a concept, ii) analyses of financial flows to and within fragile states between 2000 and 2010, and iii) trends and issues that are likely to shape fragility in the years to come.
Economic empowerment aims to raise the capacity of women and men to participate in, contribute to and benefit from growth processes in ways which recognize the value of their contributions, respect their dignity and make it possible to negotiate a fairer distribution of the benefits of growth.
This paper examines the extent to which Development Assistance Committee (DAC) donors' aid to education and health addressed gender equality objectives, based on data collected through the DAC gender equality policy marker.