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Tax reforms must play a central role in a country’s medium- and long-term development strategy. The report analyses some of the possible tax reforms in the Dominican Republic within a regional and international context of good practices. The fiscal recommendations are made within the context of the institutional frameworks, with particular emphasis on matters of economic policy that should be considered in the reform process.
Eliminating hunger and malnutrition, and achieving wider global food security are among the most intractable problems humanity faces. While many once poor countries are now developing rapidly, the world as a whole is unlikely to meet the first Millennium Development Goal target of halving, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of the world’s population who suffer from hunger.
“Crowdsourcing” pools the strength of the many to perform complex tasks–everything from funding a film to sequencing DNA. At its heart is trust–not a blanket belief in great institutions, but rather the confidence between individuals that each will do the right thing. Its power is being increasingly felt today, even in the world of international development.
Economic growth has played a major role in lifting people out of poverty. However, there is increasing evidence that many of these people did not move up to the middle classes but into an intermediate state of “vulnerability”. Poverty continues to affect millions of people around the world, said OECD Secretary-General.
In a large majority of OECD countries, wage gaps widened and household income inequality increased during the three decades prior to the crisis. Inequalities have also been growing in many emerging economies and developing countries, despite their fast growth over the last years, said OECD Secretary-General.
2013 Global Forum on Development: Innovative approaches to poverty reduction, social cohesion and progress in the post 2015 world
Development aid fell by 4% in real terms in 2012, following a 2% fall in 2011. The continuing financial crisis and euro zone turmoil has led several governments to tighten their budgets, which has had a direct impact on aid to poor countries. There is also a noticeable shift in aid away from the poorest countries and towards middle-income countries. A moderate recovery in aid levels is expected in 2013.
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Putting Green Growth at the Heart of Development, Summary for Policy makers
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Presentation by Kensuke Tanaka, Head of Asia Desk, OECD Development Centre: "Policies for Stable, Sustainable and Equitable Development : Background Note on Multi-Dimensional Review for the Philippines", Manila NEDA-OECD-ADB MDCR Kick-off Seminar, 7 March 2013
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Presentation by Mario Pezinni, Director of the OECD Development Centre. "What is the Multi-Dimensional Country Review (MDCR)?- Concept and approach" at the NEDA-OECD-ADB MDCR Kick-off Seminar on 7 March 2013, Manila