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The OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) collects aid flows at activity level based on a standard methodology and agreed definitions. Aid to Health is covered by two main sectors; 1.Aid to Health - General and Basic Health, and, 2. Population Policies/Programmes and Reproductive Health - includes HIV/AIDS.
Australia is the eighth most generous donor in the OECD's Development Assistance Committee, delivering USD 5.44 billion in ODA last year, or 0.36% of its gross national income.
The forces driving Asia’s rapid growth–new technology, globalisation, and market-oriented reform–are also fuelling rising inequality. Some income divergence is inevitable in times of fast economic development, but that shouldn’t make for complacency, especially in the face of rising inequality in people’s opportunities to develop their human capital and income-earning capacity.
A global, political push for poverty eradication through the post-2015 framework is likely to benefit from parallel bottom-up social innovation and mobilization. Modern technology can be a real game changer in this regard.
This day-long workshop will bring together the World Bank Independent Evaluation Group (IEG) and the OECD DAC Network on Development Evaluation, along with other key actors and development finance institutions, to share experiences on evaluating private sector-oriented development co-operation.
The OECD is calling for a new development framework in this statement to the Joint IMF-World Bank Development Committee.
Eliminating hunger and malnutrition, and achieving wider global food security are among the most intractable problems humanity faces. While many once poor countries are now developing rapidly, the world as a whole is unlikely to meet the first Millennium Development Goal target of halving, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of the world’s population who suffer from hunger.
“Crowdsourcing” pools the strength of the many to perform complex tasks–everything from funding a film to sequencing DNA. At its heart is trust–not a blanket belief in great institutions, but rather the confidence between individuals that each will do the right thing. Its power is being increasingly felt today, even in the world of international development.
Economic growth has played a major role in lifting people out of poverty. However, there is increasing evidence that many of these people did not move up to the middle classes but into an intermediate state of “vulnerability”. Poverty continues to affect millions of people around the world, said OECD Secretary-General.
In a large majority of OECD countries, wage gaps widened and household income inequality increased during the three decades prior to the crisis. Inequalities have also been growing in many emerging economies and developing countries, despite their fast growth over the last years, said OECD Secretary-General.