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The objective of the workshop is to discuss migration issues in Central America, focusing on themes which have received only limited attention so far, namely the governance of migration and the links between migration and labour markets.
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Presentation Costa Rica
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The Internet has been remarkably successful in developing greater opportunities for communication access - and economic growth and social development - for the first billion users. The majority of the next several billion users will be mainly from developing countries and will connect to the Internet principally via wireless networks. But there are substantial discrepancies in access to ICTs between developed and developing countries and also within countries, depending on factors such as gender, rural coverage, skills and educational levels.
This book examines how the market for internet traffic exchange has evolved and explores the coherence of policies pursued by developed and developing countries. It notes the increasing innovation occurring in a number of developing countries with competitive markets and discusses how liberalisation has helped to expand of access networks and make ICT services increasingly affordable and available to the poor. The report also highlights the employment, micro-entrepreneurial and social development opportunities which have emerged as access levels have risen among low-income users. The study notes that gateway service monopolies - still in 70 countries - raise the prices for accessing international capacity and reduce the affordability of Internet access to business and end users.
The well attended meeting, including developing countries, focused on two issues: how to address the development challenges coherently and how to develop tools to measure progress in coherent policies.
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This policy sets out the minimum expectations for measuring performance at the strategy, program and activity levels. It describes three types of reporting: annual performance reporting, the quality reporting system and evaluation reports.