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The Internet has been remarkably successful in developing greater opportunities for communication access - and economic growth and social development - for the first billion users. The majority of the next several billion users will be mainly from developing countries and will connect to the Internet principally via wireless networks. But there are substantial discrepancies in access to ICTs between developed and developing countries and also within countries, depending on factors such as gender, rural coverage, skills and educational levels.
This book examines how the market for internet traffic exchange has evolved and explores the coherence of policies pursued by developed and developing countries. It notes the increasing innovation occurring in a number of developing countries with competitive markets and discusses how liberalisation has helped to expand of access networks and make ICT services increasingly affordable and available to the poor. The report also highlights the employment, micro-entrepreneurial and social development opportunities which have emerged as access levels have risen among low-income users. The study notes that gateway service monopolies - still in 70 countries - raise the prices for accessing international capacity and reduce the affordability of Internet access to business and end users.
The well attended meeting, including developing countries, focused on two issues: how to address the development challenges coherently and how to develop tools to measure progress in coherent policies.
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This policy sets out the minimum expectations for measuring performance at the strategy, program and activity levels. It describes three types of reporting: annual performance reporting, the quality reporting system and evaluation reports.
This book outlines what individual donor countries are doing to fulfil their development co-operation ambitions.
Presentations at the 8 June 2009 PCD meeting
With the the global economic crisis, governments are now focused on restoring national economic and employment growth and financial stability which also poses risks for freedom of investment. If they all recognise that open markets will ultimately contribute to a sustainable recovery, they might be tempted to adopt “beggar thy neighbour” policies, including investment protectionism and unfair incentives to attract or retain
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This report reviews good practices in strategic financial planning in OECD and developing countries and summarises key lessons for policy makers and practitioners.
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How do multi-year budgetary processes work in practice in developed an developing countries? This paper identifies opportunities for and limits to financing environmental management.
Current financing for climate change adaptation and mitigation is clearly insufficient and the development co-operation community needs to think through its implications and come up with forceful responses, according to the OECD Secretary-General.