Spain - DAC Peer Reviews of Development Co-operation, 2011
Spain’s development aid much improved, but still needs more focus
Though the economic crisis has forced Spain to cut public spending in the past year, including to development co-operation, its aid has almost doubled since 2003. In addition to this higher quantity, the OECD’s Review of the Development Co-operation Policies and Programmes of Spain commends the improved quality of its development co-operation programmes.
Spain increased aid from 0.23% of its national wealth in 2003 to 0.46% in 2009, before cutting it to 0.43% - or USD 5.9 billion in 2010. The world’s 7th largest donor by volume, Spain still has plans to meet the international target of committing 0.7% of its gross national income to development aid.
Spain’s strategy to achieve greater impact and more sustainable development results – the example of the Country Partnership Framework in Bolivia
Spain has introduced new Country Partnership Framework agreements which are driven from the field (MAEC/SECI, 2011b). The first Country Partnership Frameworks were signed with El Salvador, Ecuador, and Bolivia. The agreement with Bolivia, signed in November 2010 for 2011-15, is the result of a process to build consensus with the Bolivian government, civil society in Bolivia, Spanish co-operation actors and the broader donor community in Bolivia. Through this new framework, Spain ensures that its co-operation is aligned with Bolivia’s National Plan for Development, and that it further concentrates its aid, in line with the EU Code of Conduct on Complementarity and Division of Labour. The following operating principles make it an example of good practice:
Country-driven and firmly anchored in an inclusive process with multiple actors in the field.