Peer reviews of DAC members

Belgium - DAC Peer Reviews of Development Co-operation, 2010

 

Belgium: new momentum for aid reform

Belgium’s development co-operation has gained new momentum over the last two years, driven by international commitments and a process of self-reflection. New policies have been issued, aid management reforms have advanced, a new law on development co-operation is being prepared, and Belgium has acted on many of the recommendations of the last peer review. All these reforms are driven by a political will to modernise Belgium’s development policy and make it more effective in line with relevant international initiatives such as the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness and the Code of Conduct on Complementarity and the Division of Labour of the European Union (EU). As Belgium is preparing its new law, the DAC encourages it to maintain enough flexibility to be able to adapt its objectives to the evolving international co-operation context.

 

About
this review

Belgium's
peer review history

 

Implementation of 2005
peer review recommendations

Read about the implementation of the 2005 recommendations

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A legal basis for the 0.7% ODA/GNI target: good practice by Belgium

In 2002, at the United Nations’ Monterrey Conference on Financing for Development, Belgium committed to reaching an ODA/GNI ratio of 0.7% by 2010. In the same year, it changed its Law for State Accountancy of 17 July 1991 to include a paragraph that determines that the government must include a “solidarity note” in its budget justification (exposé général). The latter is a detailed document that accompanies the budget submission, but is not subject to a vote. This “solidarity note” shall explain “the measures [the government] envisages taking with a view to attaining, at the latest from 2010 onward, 0.7% of gross national income for the funds dedicated to Belgian ODA, according to a calendar of sustained yearly growth, and in line with the criteria established at the DAC of the OECD” (RdB, 2002b, Titre XI, chap.3, art. 458; and RdB, 1991, Art.10). The revised Law on State Accountancy has been in force since 10 January 2003, and a two-page “solidarity note” has been part of every budget justification since then. (Box 2 p.45)

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