Development

Multilateral aid

 

 

More than 200 multilateral agencies - such as the United Nations, the World Bank and the global funds - receive about one third of total ODA. When including earmarked funding provided to multilaterals, this goes up to two fifths.

The scale at which the multilateral system is used reflects donors' views of it as an important aid channel. However, a clearer picture of the multilateral system is needed to analyse this channel, and the DAC report on multilateral aid - the only one of its kind - aims to address this gap. The report provides a snapshot of the multilateral aid architecture, from the funding of multilateral organisations by DAC members to their own multilateral aid strategies and policies. The report also highlights issues such as fragmentation, multilateral effectiveness, reform processes and partner country views.

For other publications and briefs related to aid architecture and development finance, please click here.

‌Composition of Gross ODA Disbursements (2012)

(excluding debt relief and contributions from EU Institutions, in constant 2012 prices)

Source: OECD (2012b) DAC Aggregate Statistics, OECD, Paris; OECD (2012b), OECD (2012c), Creditor Reporting System Database, OECD, Paris

 

 

Latest documents

 Cover for Multilateral Report 1_2014

Making earmarked funding more effective: Current practices and a way forward

The use of the multilateral aid system grew in real terms by 31% between 2007 and 2012. This growth was primarily driven by increased funding provided to multilateral organisations as earmarked resources for specific themes, sectors, regions or countries (+79% in 2007-12). While earmarked funding can help meet specific needs and evolving development challenges, it can also make the co-ordination and coherence of the international development co-operation system more difficult and undermine the strategic and coherent allocation of resources for individual multilateral organisations. This paper sheds light on how multilateral organisations and bilateral providers are attempting to better manager earmarked funds. It also provides suggestions on how these efforts can be taken forward to ensure financing for the multilateral system that is sustainable and conducive to better development results.

 

Concept Note: Multi-stakeholder Approaches for Enhancing Multilateral Organisations' Contribution to Development Results

The Concept Note for the focus session on multilateral organisations, held during the Mexico HLM in April 2014.

 

Summary: Multi-stakeholder Approaches for Enhancing Multilateral Organisantions' Contribution to Development Results

A summary of the conclusions, key messages and way forward drawn from the focus session on multilateral organisations' held during the First High-Level Meeting of the Global Partnership in Mexico, April 2014.

 Cover of the 2014 multilateral four-pager

Bilateral Providers' and Multilateral Organisations' Practices on Earmarked Funding

The use of the multilateral aid system grew in real terms by 31% between 2007 and 2012. This was primarily driven by increased funding from bilateral providers to multilateral organisations (MOs) as earmarked resources for specific themes, sectors, regions or countries (+79% in 2007-2012). While earmarked funding can help meet specific needs (e.g., humanitarian crisis) and evolving development challenges, it can also make coordination and coherence of the international development co-operation system more difficult. Building on a forthcoming OECD paper, this flyer sheds light on how MOs and bilateral providers are attempting to better manage earmarked funds. It also provides suggestions on how these efforts can be taken forward to ensure financing for the multilateral system that is sustainable and conducive to better development results.

2012 DAC Report on Multilateral Aid

This fourth DAC Report on Multilateral Aid examines recent trends in multilateral development co-operation. It asks how multilateral co-operation affects the fragmentation of aid, gives an overview of bilateral and joint assessments of multilateral organisations, and outlines guiding principles to  limit the proliferation of multilateral aid channels.

French Report coming soon.

 

 ‌Policy Brief: multilateral aid - the last 5 years image

What Do We Know About Multilateral Aid?: The 54 billion dollar question

This policy brief provides an overview of the multilateral aid system over the past 5 years.

 

2011 DAC Report on Multilateral Aid

This third DAC Report on Multilateral Aid covers recent trends in multilateral aid and total use (core and non-core) of the multilateral system. It investigates and highlights how countries make decisions to allocate aid bilaterally or multilaterally, and how they allocate this aid to different multilateral agencies.

 Click here to access the report in French.

2010 DAC Report on Multilateral Aid

This second DAC Report on Multilateral Aid covers recent trends in multilateral aid and total use (core and non-core) of the multilateral system, with a special focus on UNDP and World Bank trust funds. It explores development perspectives of the climate change funding architecture, and provides an overview of the response of multilaterals to the financial and economic crisis. It also includes an update on members’ multilateral strategies and assessment approaches.

 Click here to access the report in French.

2008 DAC Report on Multilateral Aid (pdf, 2.6 MB)

»Summary of the Report (pdf, 272 KB)

Multilateral aid accounts for over a third of total ODA. The scale at which the multilateral system is used reflects donors’ views of it as an important aid channel. However, a clearer picture of the multilateral system is needed to analyse this channel, and the first ever DAC report on multilateral aid aims to address this gap. The report provides a snapshot of the multilateral aid architecture, from the funding of multilateral organisations by DAC members to their own multilateral aid strategies and policies. The report also highlights issues such as fragmentation, multilateral effectiveness, reform processes and partner country views.

 

 

 

Data series

Download full data series on multilateral aid (core and non-core) by DAC donor for 2007-2011 (.xls and PDF format):

Australia .xls PDF   Greece .xls PDF   Norway .xls PDF
Austria .xls  PDF   Iceland .xls PDF   Portugal .xls PDF
Belgium .xls PDF   Ireland .xls PDF   Spain .xls PDF
Canada .xls PDF   Italy .xls PDF   Sweden .xls PDF
Denmark .xls PDF   Japan .xls PDF   Switzerland .xls PDF
EU Institutions .xls PDF   Korea .xls PDF   United Kingdom .xls PDF
Finland .xls PDF   Luxembourg .xls PDF   United States .xls PDF
France .xls PDF   Netherlands .xls PDF   DAC donors .xls PDFMultilateral non-core country file_DAC donors_pdf
Germany .xls PDF   New Zealand .xls PDF    

 

 

 

Related Documents

 

Aid architecture

 

Countries list

  • Afghanistan
  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • Andorra
  • Angola
  • Anguilla
  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Argentina
  • Armenia
  • Aruba
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahamas
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Barbados
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Benin
  • Bermuda
  • Bhutan
  • Bolivia
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Cape Verde
  • Cayman Islands
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • Chile
  • China (People’s Republic of)
  • Chinese Taipei
  • Colombia
  • Comoros
  • Congo
  • Cook Islands
  • Costa Rica
  • Croatia
  • Cuba
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Côte d'Ivoire
  • Democratic People's Republic of Korea
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Denmark
  • Djibouti
  • Dominica
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Eritrea
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • European Union
  • Faeroe Islands
  • Fiji
  • Finland
  • Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM)
  • France
  • French Guiana
  • Gabon
  • Gambia
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Gibraltar
  • Greece
  • Greenland
  • Grenada
  • Guatemala
  • Guernsey
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Guyana
  • Haiti
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong, China
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iraq
  • Ireland
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
  • Isle of Man
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Jamaica
  • Japan
  • Jersey
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kenya
  • Kiribati
  • Korea
  • Kuwait
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Lao People's Democratic Republic
  • Latvia
  • Lebanon
  • Lesotho
  • Liberia
  • Libya
  • Liechtenstein
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Macao (China)
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Maldives
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Marshall Islands
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mayotte
  • Mexico
  • Micronesia (Federated States of)
  • Moldova
  • Monaco
  • Mongolia
  • Montenegro
  • Montserrat
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nauru
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • Netherlands Antilles
  • New Zealand
  • Nicaragua
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • Niue
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Palau
  • Palestinian Administered Areas
  • Panama
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Puerto Rico
  • Qatar
  • Romania
  • Russian Federation
  • Rwanda
  • Saint Helena
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Saint Lucia
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Samoa
  • San Marino
  • Sao Tome and Principe
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Serbia and Montenegro (pre-June 2006)
  • Seychelles
  • Sierra Leone
  • Singapore
  • Slovak Republic
  • Slovenia
  • Solomon Islands
  • Somalia
  • South Africa
  • South Sudan
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sudan
  • Suriname
  • Swaziland
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Tajikistan
  • Tanzania
  • Thailand
  • Timor-Leste
  • Togo
  • Tokelau
  • Tonga
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Turkmenistan
  • Turks and Caicos Islands
  • Tuvalu
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • United States Virgin Islands
  • Uruguay
  • Uzbekistan
  • Vanuatu
  • Venezuela
  • Vietnam
  • Virgin Islands (UK)
  • Wallis and Futuna Islands
  • Western Sahara
  • Yemen
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe