Conflict and fragility

Supporting Statebuilding in Situations of Conflict and Fragility: Policy Guidance

 

 Content by chapterHow to obtain this publication  

ISBN: 9789264074965

Publication date

28 February 2011

 

The negative consequences of state fragility adversely impact the lives of more than one billion people around the world. Although fragile states have received increasing international attention in recent years, they are still falling behind other low-income countries in human development. Fragility – and its negative consequences – can destabilise entire regions and have global repercussions. Addressing the challenges associated with fragility requires a concerted international effort to support sustainable statebuilding processes, based on robust state-society relations. Functioning states are essential for reducing poverty, sustaining peace and achieving agreed development goals.

 

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Read and download a Policy Note based on the Guidance  (pdf, 1.7 mb)

View a set of key messages for policymakers (pdf, 586 kb)

 

Supporting Statebuilding in Situations of Conflict and Fragility: Policy Guidance presents new thinking on statebuilding and clear recommendations for better practice. It provides an internationally accepted conceptual framework for statebuilding, informed by today’s realities of conflict-affected and fragile situations. Building on good practices already being successfully applied on the ground, this guidance lays out how developing and developed countries can better facilitate positive statebuilding processes and strengthen the foundations upon which capable and legitimate states are built. The recommendations in this guidance address critical areas for better international engagement from strategy development, and programme design and delivery to day-to-day operations in the field and at headquarters. 

 

 Content by chapters

 

Part I. Concepts of statebuilding and the challenges of fragility

 

Chapter 1. Statebuilding in fragile contexts: key terms and concepts

Contemporary understandings of the state

Statebuilding

State fragility and resilience

 

Chapter 2. History and statebuilding

Statebuilding in the Western World

Statebuilding in fragile contexts and hybrid political orders

Statebuilding in a new global environment

Historical and structural legacies for statebuilding in fragile contexts

 

Chapter 3. Critical elements underpinning statebuilding

Political settlement and political processes

State capability and responsiveness

Social expectations

State legitimacy

 

Part II. Rethinking international engagement – Lessons from efforts to promote statebuilding
and implications for improved development partner policy and practice

 

Chapter 1. Making strategic choices and defining overall objectives 

Understand context and local statebuilding processes and dynamics

Understand your own role and clarify your objectives in relation to statebuilding

Consider whom you can work with, and where to work

Work towards greater coherence throughout your government/organisation, through shared
departmental visions, objectives and joint strategies

Recognise the global and regional dimension of statebuilding

 

Chapter 2. Moving from strategic choices to country programme design and delivery

Adapt programme delivery to fragile contexts 
Engage with government and key partners in identifying and agreeing key statebuilding priorities
Design integrated interventions to foster constructive state-society relations

 

Chapter 3. Tools for analysis and monitoring

Make use of a range of analytical tools to understand the context for statebuilding

Understand and monitor external impact on statebuilding, and measure progress

 

Chapter 4. Implications for aid delivery modalities and technical assistance

Align aid modalities with statebuilding objectives

Align technical assistance with statebuilding objectives

 

Chapter 5. Implications for development partner operations

Matching ambitions to capability and setting the right incentives

Strengthen field presence and capacity to work on statebuilding in fragile situations

Manage the risks of operating in fragile and conflict-affected situations and learn from failures

Create incentives for collaboration and whole-of-government co-operation

Review procedures and regulations in the context of statebuilding objectives

Be aware of the impact of your presence and behaviour on your legitimacy in the eyes of local populations

 

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