DAC Guidelines and Reference Series
A democratically run, accountable and efficient security system helps to reduce the risk of violent conflict and build peace. It plays a critical role in upholding human rights and creating an enabling environment for poverty reduction and sustainable development.
This publication continues efforts by the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC) to develop tools and instruments for conflict prevention and for improving security and stability in the long term. The guidance underlines the positive role that the integrated reform of a country’s security system can play in stabilising fragile, conflict-prone or conflict affected states. This includes not only the armed forces, police and gendarmerie, intelligence services, and justice and penal systems, but also the civil authorities responsible for oversight and democratic control.
Part I contains the policy statement and paper on Security System Reform (SSR), endorsed by DAC Ministers and the OECD council in 2004. Emphasising the positive role that the integrated reform of a country’s security system can play in stabilising fragile, conflict-prone or conflict affected states, it outlines the fundamental principles for SSR and recommends approaches and good practice examples in key aspects of this emerging policy area.
Part II and the Annex to this guidance were contributed by external consultants and are based on regional surveys commissioned to assess SSR-related activities in 110 partner countries across four regions: Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, and the Baltics, south east Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States. The analysis seeks to improve donor understanding of how non-OECD countries view the SSR policy agenda. By suggesting ways to engage with partner countries, it aims to strengthen the impact and relevance of assistance programmes throughout the security domain.
The publication as a whole forms part of DAC efforts (through its subsidiary Network on Conflict, Peace and Development Co-operation) to improve policies and practices to prevent violent conflict and build peace. It complements the DAC Guidelines on Helping Prevent Violent Conflict , a reference point for development co-operation in this field.
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