"Smart Aid for the Bottom Billion: Can't we do better?"
A Debate on International Engagement in Fragile States
OECD Headquarters, Paris - 5 October 2011
Goal of the roundtable
Using the evidence provided by the 2011 report Engagement in Fragile States: Can’t we do better?, this debate provided an opportunity to discuss selected global and country-specific evidence. It also sought to discuss how donor behaviour can be improved by highlighting ongoing initiatives to improve international engagement (e.g. the International Dialogue on Peacebuilding and Statebuilding).
This roundtable took place just before the plenary meeting of the Working Party on Aid Effectiveness (6-7 October), during which delegates discussed key messages for the Fourth High-Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness in Busan. Thus, the roundtable also allowed WP-EFF delegates to get practitioners’ views and insights on how the effectiveness agenda has concretely translated into practice in the 13 countries surveyed this year.
The event was hosted by former DAC Chair Richard MANNING. Panellists included senior partner country and donor representatives:
Mr. Nils BOESEN
Director, Capacity Development Group, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Mr. Boesen is Director of UNDP’s Capacity Development Group, which works with nations to improve their ability to reach development goals, use their development aid effectively, make smart policy and investment choices, and support their own efforts to strengthen capacities of individuals, organizations and wider systems.. Mr. Boesen was appointed to the position in January 2011, after 30 years of worldwide development expertise. Working as a consultant until rejoining UNDP, Mr. Boesen’s clients included the Asian Development Bank, the European Commission, the OECD and the World Bank and several bilateral development agencies and international NGOs. A specialist in aid methodology development, capacity development, governance and public administration, Mr. Boesen has authored numerous articles, guidance notes and major evaluation reports. Mr. Boesen holds a Bachelor of Arts in Philosophy and Theory of Science from the University of Copenhagen, and a Master of Social Science in Development Studies and Public Administration and Economics from Roskilde University (Denmark).
Mr. Joël BOUTROUE
Special Advisor to the Prime Minister, Haiti
Mr. Boutroue is currently Special Advisor to the Haitian Prime Minister and Special Advisor to the Government of Norway on Haiti and on humanitarian reform. Prior to this, he served as the Deputy Special Representative of the UN Secretary- General, UN Resident and Humanitarian Co-ordinator and UNDP Resident Representative in Haiti. Mr. Boutroue has worked for over 25 years in the UN system, notably as Head of UNHCR in North Kivu (DRC) following the Rwandan genocide, with OCHA as Head of the Consolidated Appeal Process and Chief of the Response Co-ordination Branch, as UN co-ordinator just after the Indian Ocean tsunami in early 2005, and with UNDP as UN Resident Co-ordinator/UNDP Resident Representative in Armenia. Mr. Boutroue has also been posted in Central Asia, Iraq, Malawi and Sudan.
Dr. Helder DA COSTA
Senior Adviser, Directorate for Aid Effectiveness, Ministry of Finance, Timor-Leste
Acting Head, g7+ International Secretariat
Dr. da Costa has over 15 years of management experience and 12 years of work in the academic and development fields. His career includes six years of senior posts with both the Asia New Zealand Foundation and Volunteer Service Abroad (VSA) based in Wellington (New Zealand) as a Tertiary Education Manager and the Asia Programme Manager overseeing five countries in Asia (Bhutan, Cambodia, Lao PDR, Vietnam and Timor-Leste). He has also consulted for various international development agencies over the past 10 years, including ACIAR Australia, the Asian Development Bank, AusAID, UN, UNDP and the World Bank. Dr. da Costa earned his Ph.D. in Trade Policy at the University of Adelaide, South Australia in 2001.
Amb. Pierre DUQUESNE
Ambassador-at-large for the Economics of Reconstruction and Development,
Head of the Inter-ministerial Committee on the Reconstruction of Haiti, France
Pierre Duquesne is Ambassador for economic issues related to reconstruction and development, since 2008, in the French Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs. In that context, he is also the head of the French inter-ministerial committee for the reconstruction of Haiti and France’s representative to the Interim Haiti Recovery Commission. Previously, Pierre Duquesne was the French Executive Director at the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank in Washington from 2001 to 2007. From 1997 to 2001, he was the Senior Advisor to the French Prime Minister for Economic and Financial Affairs (domestic and international matters) and before that, in 1996-1997, the Deputy Secretary-General of the Banking Commission (and a member of the Basle Committee). He held various positions in the French Treasury, notably Deputy Director for Multilateral Affairs (Foreign Exchange, European and International Monetary Affairs) working in particular on European Economic and Monetary Union. Mr. Duquesne is a graduate of the École Nationale d’Administration and the Institut d’Études Politiques (Sciences Po) and holds a masters degree in economics (econometrics). He has also been a lecturer in economics at the Institut d’Études Politiques.
Mr. Pamphile MUDEREGA
Permanent Executive Secretary, National Committee for Aid Co-ordination, Burundi
Mr. Muderega is the Permanent Executive Secretary of the National Committee for Aid Co-ordination (CNCA) of the Republic of Burundi. In this capacity, Mr. Muderega co-ordinated the combined surveys on the Fragile States Principles and the Paris Declaration. He was appointed to the position in August 2008 after 20 years of international experience in development. Mr. Muderega has worked with numerous non-governmental organisations and government bodies in Burundi, Italy and Scotland. He holds a degree in hospital management from the University of Kinshasa (Democratic Republic of Congo), a Bachelors degree in social sciences as well as Masters degrees in social communication sciences and development economics from the Gregorian University of Rome (Italy).
Context: Can’t we do better?
The 2011 report International Engagement in Fragile States: Can’t we do better? was released on 15 September. Drawing from a 13-country monitoring survey on the implementation of the Principles for Good International Engagement in Fragile States and Situations, the report’s key finding is that providers of development assistance need to work harder to make their engagement more effective.
In addition, the survey identifies what seems to be standing in the way of progress, namely that:
Lessons learned and sound analysis often do not translate into programming because operational procedures remain too ‘pre-packaged’ and unsuitable for fragile settings.
Traditional approaches such as the MDGs and PRSPs are not always suited either: Fragile settings require a sharp focus on a few priorities — at least in the immediate post-crisis — and these must include peacebuilding and statebuilding objectives to make any progress towards poverty reduction.
Good international engagement alone is not a silver bullet: It needs to be matched by partner country leadership. This shift in paradigm is reflected in the recent push for a different way to engage emerging from the g7+ through its ‘New Deal’ proposal and set of commitments.
About the report
International Engagement in Fragile States: Can’t we do better? provides one of the only sources of evidence on the quality of development co-operation in fragile and conflict-affected states and situations. The 2011 report shows that, in four years, the practices of providers of development assistance have not improved significantly to achieve better results. Read the full report online at www.fsprinciples.org.