This publication is a result of the discussions from the OECD 8th Rural Development Policy Conference: "Innovation and modernising the rural economy" which took place in Krasnoyarsk, Russia on 3-5 October 2012. It provides an overview of the two themes of modernisation and innovation, focusing on identifying the attributes of the modern rural economy and showing how it differs from the traditional rural economy and from metropolitan economies. It also shows how rural innovation is a key driver of rural economic growth using patents as a measure.
The second part of the book consists of four chapters that offer evidence of rural regions’ potential to contribute to national economic growth. In addition, each provides useful context for Part I by outlining four different perspectives on the process of modernisation and innovation, and specifically, how they can take place in the rural territories of OECD countries. In each paper, the authors explore the opportunities and impediments to these twin processes and how government policy can help or hinder them.
Erik Solheim took the lead of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) in January 2013, a position to which he was unanimously elected in October 2012.
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Every year, huge sums of money are transferred out of developing countries illegally. This report shows that coherent policies in OECD countries in areas such as tax evasion, anti-bribery and money laundering can contribute to reducing illicit financial flows from developing countries.
This publication identifies the main areas of weakness and potential areas for action to combat money-laundering, tax evasion, foreign bribery, and to identify, freeze and return stolen assets. It also looks at the role of development agencies and finds that the potential returns to developing countries from using ODA on issues like combating tax evasion or asset recovery are significant. Finally, it identifies some opportunities for a scaled-up role for development agencies.
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The private sector creates jobs, provides goods and services, generates income and profits, and contributes to public revenues. Companies have the ability to profoundly impact poverty reduction and sustainable development in countries in which they operate, including in areas such as energy and climate, water, agriculture and food production, gender equality and financial integrity.
UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon and OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría joined President Peña Nieto to open the High-Level Meeting with broad support for sustained global efforts in how effective development co-operation can lead to a stronger fight against poverty both now and in the post-2015 landscape.
Development Week 2014 / OECD Southeast Asia Regional Forum / China’s new development model will gradually impact emerging economies
The OECD is working to devise a new, broader measure of official support for development to reflect big changes since the concept of ODA -- or official development assistance -- was devised. Private capital flows are now much bigger than traditional aid and there has been a geographical shift in where the world's poorest people live.
The international community is set to transition into a critical new phase in its fight against poverty. Providers of development co-operation must maintain their commitments on the quantity and quality of the resources they provide, and they must help developing countries mobilise more domestic resources.
Italy has raised its foreign aid contributions and its future targets, reversing a trend of falling development assistance, and now needs to improve the way it manages its development programmes, according to a new OECD review.