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The report provides an outline of recent and likely future urbanisation trends and discusses the consequences. The world is in the middle of an urbanisation process that will cause urbanisation rates to rise from low double digit rates to more than 80% by the end of the century. It argues that this is both a great opportunity and a great challenge, as decisions taken today will affect the lifes of people for a long time to come.
South African concessional finance for development reached USD 183 million in 2013, compared to USD 188 million in 2012 (OECD estimates). In 2013, 61% of South Africa’s total development co-operation was channelled through multilateral organisations.
The OECD estimates that Qatar’s development co-operation amounted to USD 1.3 billion in 2013 compared to 544 million in 2012 and USD 734 million in 2011. Qatar channelled 1% of its development co-operation through multilateral institutions, mainly through the United Nations and the Islamic Development Bank.
Mexico published figures on its development co-operation programme for the first time in 2014. According to these figures, Mexico’s international development co-oeration reached USD 277 million in 2012, up from USD 269 million in 2011. Out of the total disbursed in 2012, the OECD estimates that at least USD 203 million meets the criteria of Official Development Assistance (ODA).
In 2013, Indonesia’s development co-operation amounted to an estimated USD 12 million, of which USD 9 million was channelled through multilateral organisations.
According to OECD estimates, Colombia’s development co-operation reached USD 95 million in 2013, compared to USD 86 million in 2012 (OECD estimates). In 2013, USD 85 million was channeled through multilateral organisations of which USD 57 million through the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNDOC).
In 2013, China’s bilateral co-operation reached USD 2.8 billion, compared to USD 2.6 billion in 2012 (OECD estimates). Including developmental funds channelled through multilateral organisations, the OECD estimates that China’s total concessional finance for development reached USD 3.0 billion in 2013.
In 2013, Estonia’s net ODA amounted to USD 31 million, representing an increase of 23% in real terms over 2012. The ratio of ODA as a share of GNI also rose, from 0.11% to 0.13%.
In 2013, Hungary’s net ODA amounted to USD 128 million, representing an increase of 4% in real terms over 2012. The ratio of ODA as a share of GNI remained stable at 0.10%.