By Date


  • 11-December-2015

    English

    Segundo o relatório Perspectivas Econômicas da América Latina 2016, este é o momento para uma nova parceria entre a América Latina e a China, com o objetivo de promover estratégias de desenvolvimento mútuo

    A desaceleração do crescimento do PIB da América Latina aprofundou-se e é esperado que o mesmo seja negativo em 2015. De acordo com o relatório Perspectivas Econômicas da América Latina 2016, a América Latina registrou pelo segundo ano consecutivo um crescimento médio inferior ao registrado nos países da OCDE, após uma década de convergência com as economias avançadas.

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  • 11-December-2015

    English

    A Review of International Large-Scale Assessments in Education - Assessing Component Skills and Collecting Contextual Data

    The OECD has initiated PISA for Development (PISA-D) in response to the rising need of developing countries to collect data about their education systems and the capacity of their student bodies. This report aims to compare and contrast approaches regarding the instruments that are used to collect data on (a) component skills and cognitive instruments, (b) contextual frameworks, and (c) the implementation of the different international assessments, as well as approaches to include children who are not at school, and the ways in which data are used. It then seeks to identify assessment practices in these three areas that will be useful for developing countries. This report reviews the major international and regional large-scale educational assessments: large-scale international surveys, school-based surveys and household-based surveys. For each of the issues discussed, there is a description of the prevailing international situation, followed by a consideration of the issue for developing countries and then a description of the relevance of the issue to PISA for Development.

  • 7-December-2015

    English

    Press conference - OECD Development Centre, ECLAC and CAF to launch their joint Latin American Economic Outlook 2016 – Towards a new partnership with China

    The ninth edition of the Latin American Economic Outlook will be launched on Friday 11 December at 18:30 P.M at the I Meeting of Foreign Affairs Ministers of the Ibero-American Conference, in Cartagena de Indias, Colombia.

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  • 7-December-2015

    English

    Invitación a los medios: Centro de Desarrollo de la OCDE, CEPAL y CAF presentan las Perpectivas Economicas de América Latina 2016

    La novena edición de Las Perspectivas Económicas de América Latina será presentada este Viernes 11 de diciembre a las 18:30 pm en la I Reunión de Ministros de Relaciones Exteriores de la Cumbre Iberoamericana, en Cartagena de Indias, Colombia.

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  • 2-December-2015

    English

    Ensuring efficient and targeted resources to countries most in need

    Because ODA is a scarce resource for financing development, it is important to ensure it reaches the countries and people that need it most.

  • 1-December-2015

    English

    OECD at COP21: Supporting climate action in development co-operation

    The DAC ENVIRONET is supporting sustainable development in partner countries by monitoring development finance for climate change, providing policy insights and recommendations to the development community regarding climate change, and contributing to the post-2015 sustainable development agenda.

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  • 30-November-2015

    English

    Climate Change: OECD DAC External Development Finance Statistics

    The OECD DAC measures and monitors development finance targeting climate change objectives using two Rio markers: Climate Change Mitigation and Climate Change Adaptation.

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  • 27-November-2015

    English

    The Experience of Middle-Income Countries Participating in PISA 2000-2015

    This report provides a systematic review and empirical evidence related to the experiences of middle-income countries and economies participating in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), 2000 to 2015. PISA is a triennial survey that aims to evaluate education systems worldwide by testing the skills and knowledge of 15-year-old students. To date, students representing more than 70 countries and economies have participated in the assessment, including 44 middle-income countries, many of which are developing countries receiving foreign aid. This report provides answers to six important questions about these middle-income countries and their experiences of participating in PISA: What is the extent of developing country participation in PISA and other international learning assessments? Why do these countries join PISA? What are the financial, technical, and cultural challenges for their participation in PISA? What impact has participation had on their national assessment capacity? How have PISA results influenced their national policy discussions? And what does PISA data tell us about education in these countries and the policies and practices that influence student performance?

    The findings of this report are being used by the OECD to support its efforts to make PISA more relevant to a wider range of countries, and by the World Bank as part of its on-going dialogue with its client countries regarding participation in international large-scale assessments.

  • 24-November-2015

    English

    Adapting Transport Policy to Climate Change - Carbon Valuation, Risk and Uncertainty

    Transport accounts for nearly a quarter of carbon dioxide emissions from fuel combustion. The price attached to these emissions is critical to climate policies and emissions mitigation efforts in the sector. As the impact of emissions on climate does not depend on where CO2 is released, the price of carbon should be uniform. In reality, however, it varies immensely, reflecting the complexity of assessing climate impacts.
    This report reviews the three key challenges in considering the effects of carbon dioxide emissions in economic appraisal: the valuation of carbon dioxide emissions, the treatment of uncertainty in climate change and the approach used to discounting future costs and benefits. The report reviews current approaches in selected countries (France, Germany, Japan, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States) and provides examples of good practice and recommendations for national and international policy making.

     

  • 24-November-2015

    English

    SME Policy Index: Eastern Partner Countries 2016 - Assessing the Implementation of the Small Business Act for Europe

    The SME Policy Index is a benchmarking tool designed for emerging economies to assess SME policy frameworks and monitor progress in policy implementation over time. The Index has been developed by the OECD in partnership with the European Commission, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), and the European Training Foundation (ETF) in 2006.
    For the Eastern Partner Countries, the assessment framework is structured around the ten principles of the Small Business Act for Europe (SBA), providing a wide-range of pro-enterprise measures to guide the design and implementation of SME policies based on good practices promoted by the EU and the OECD. It is applied to the Eastern Partner Countries for the second time since 2012.
    The Index identifies strengths and weaknesses in policy design and implementation, allows for comparison across countries and measures convergence towards good practices and relevant policy standards. It aims to support governments in setting targets for SME policy development and to identify strategic priorities to further improve the business environment. It also helps to engage governments in policy dialogue and exchange good practices within the region and with OECD and EU members.

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