By Date


  • 16-December-2015

    English

    Gender discrimination in social institutions and long-term growth

    Women’s economic empowerment remains a critical challenge around the globe. Only half of working-age women are in the labour force, earning on average 24% less than men and are less likely to receive a pension (UN Women, 2015). Women are also disproportionately concentrated in informal and precarious employment, and they spend nearly two and a half more times than men in unpaid care and domestic work (OECD 2014).

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  • 15-December-2015

    English

    How middle class are middle-income households in Latin America?

    One of the most important achievements of the recent period of economic expansion in Latin America has been the substantial reduction of poverty and the surge of an emerging middle class. According to World Bank estimates, in 2009 the Latin American population with a daily income of between 4 and 50 dollars a day represents 68% in the region today.

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  • 15-December-2015

    English

    OECD Development Co-operation Peer Reviews: Portugal 2016

    The OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) conducts periodic reviews of the individual development co-operation efforts of DAC members. The policies and programmes of each member are critically examined approximately once every five years. DAC peer reviews assess the performance of a given member, not just that of its development co-operation agency, and examine both policy and implementation. They take an integrated, system-wide perspective on the development co-operation and humanitarian assistance activities of the member under review.

  • 15-December-2015

    English

    Portugal needs to increase its development aid and improve oversight

    Portugal has endeavoured to maintain its foreign aid programme since the economic crisis, but its aid budget has been hit hard and a plan is needed to avoid a further decline and get back on a path towards internationally agreed targets, according to an OECD Review.

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  • 15-December-2015

    English

    Portugal - DAC Peer Review of Development Co-operation, 2016

    Portugal has endeavoured to maintain its foreign aid programme since the economic crisis, but its aid budget has been hit hard and a plan is needed to avoid a further decline and get back on a path towards internationally agreed targets.

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  • 12-December-2015

    English

    Latin American Economic Outlook 2016 - Towards a New Partnership with China

    The Latin American Economic Outlook 2016 is devoted to the evolving relationship between Latin America and China, as well as its prospects in the long term. China's transformation involves a gradual shift in its development strategy, including the rebalancing process from investment to consumption, the demographic transition, the structural transformation towards high value-added goods and services, and a "going-out" policy to approach other regions. This report lays the ground for discussing future trends in the relationship between China and Latin America, given these changing patterns. Based on the analysis of potential transmission channels of China’s new model to the region, which include issues on trade, finance and skills, the outlook aims to identify strategies and policy responses for Latin America to overcome development challenges. Latin America and China can complement each other further and build a mutually beneficial partnership for development.

  • 11-December-2015

    English

  • 11-December-2015

    English

    Ha llegado el momento de una nueva alianza entre China y América Latina para promover estrategias comunes de desarrollo

    La desaceleración del crecimiento del PIB en la región de América Latina se ha acentuado y se espera que sea negativa en 2015. Por segundo año consecutivo, la región se ha quedado rezagada respecto al crecimiento medio de los países de la OCDE tras una década completa de convergencia con las economías avanzadas, según el informe Perspectivas Económicas de América Latina 2016.

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  • 11-December-2015

    English

    Segundo o relatório Perspectivas Econômicas da América Latina 2016, este é o momento para uma nova parceria entre a América Latina e a China, com o objetivo de promover estratégias de desenvolvimento mútuo

    A desaceleração do crescimento do PIB da América Latina aprofundou-se e é esperado que o mesmo seja negativo em 2015. De acordo com o relatório Perspectivas Econômicas da América Latina 2016, a América Latina registrou pelo segundo ano consecutivo um crescimento médio inferior ao registrado nos países da OCDE, após uma década de convergência com as economias avançadas.

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  • 11-December-2015

    English

    A Review of International Large-Scale Assessments in Education - Assessing Component Skills and Collecting Contextual Data

    The OECD has initiated PISA for Development (PISA-D) in response to the rising need of developing countries to collect data about their education systems and the capacity of their student bodies. This report aims to compare and contrast approaches regarding the instruments that are used to collect data on (a) component skills and cognitive instruments, (b) contextual frameworks, and (c) the implementation of the different international assessments, as well as approaches to include children who are not at school, and the ways in which data are used. It then seeks to identify assessment practices in these three areas that will be useful for developing countries. This report reviews the major international and regional large-scale educational assessments: large-scale international surveys, school-based surveys and household-based surveys. For each of the issues discussed, there is a description of the prevailing international situation, followed by a consideration of the issue for developing countries and then a description of the relevance of the issue to PISA for Development.

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