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How do global value chains (GVCs) impact employment markets in developing countries? This paper reviews the literature on the subject, focusing on the labour market impacts of three processes that lie at the core of GVC development: importing, exporting, and foreign direct investment (FDI). Two case studies are presented
Industrial policies for a sustainable and inclusive growth - Empowering adolescent girls by tackling social norms - LAC FORUM 2013: What are the challenges ahead for Latin America and its SMEs? - Foundations: innovation and risk-taking as key features of the post 2015 agenda
Over recent years, the Czech Republic has transformed its development co-operation system to make it more focused, more coherent and more effective.
Gender equality and women’s rights are essential to achieving the unfinished business of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). It is time to back up political promises with action and resources. Increased investments in five key areas will have catalytic effects on the lives of women and girls, and accelerate development progress beyond 2015.
Australia delivered USD 5.44 billion in official development assistance (ODA) last year, or 0.36% of its gross national income. It is the eighth most generous country in the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC), which groups the world’s major donors. Australia’s goal is to reach 0.5% of GNI by 2017 – a goal the DAC encourages it to follow through on, given its good track record and relatively strong economy.
English, PDF, 1,886kb
This paper reviews road concession programmes in Chile, Colombia and Peru over the period 1993-2010 and analyses how their shortcomings have resulted in large extra fiscal costs. Weak State institutions, unclear legislation and deficient contract design have allowed for frequent and costly renegotiation of road concessions.
English, PDF, 2,223kb
This joint work by the OECD Development Centre and Fedesarrollo focuses on the policy making process of transport infrastructure in Colombia for the period 2002-10. It identifies the main bottlenecks to be improved in the implementation of public policies in the main phases of the transport infrastructure policy cycle, namely planning, budgeting, execution (i.e. new investment and maintenance), and monitoring and evaluation.
Brazil’s labour leaders have long argued against pursuing economic growth for its own sake. What matters most, they believe, is not the size of the economic pie but how it’s carved up. In recent years, calls for social justice have increasingly informed policy in Brazil, bringing about a veritable “revolution” in the economy.
Australia is the eighth most generous donor in the OECD's Development Assistance Committee, delivering USD 5.44 billion in ODA last year, or 0.36% of its gross national income.
The forces driving Asia’s rapid growth–new technology, globalisation, and market-oriented reform–are also fuelling rising inequality. Some income divergence is inevitable in times of fast economic development, but that shouldn’t make for complacency, especially in the face of rising inequality in people’s opportunities to develop their human capital and income-earning capacity.