The US food and agriculture sector is innovative, competitive and export-oriented. Changes in national and global demand offer further opportunities for US agri-food products, although climate change and other resource constraints could create additional challenges, in particular in some regions. Maintaining high productivity growth, while improving the sustainable use of resources will require further innovation. In a policy environment generally favourable to investment and innovation, the strong US agricultural innovation system is expected to continue to create innovations that will be widely adopted, to the extent that these can be widely accepted.
Productivity growth in the Turkish agricultural sector is supported today by better technologies, crop varieties and animal breeds. Yet improvements have slowed since the late 2000s, and the productivity gap between agriculture and the rest of the economy remains large. To overcome these challenges, Turkey will need to reduce the substantial technological and human resource disparities between small-holder and commercial segments in agriculture, and ensure more equal regional development. Considerable structural adjustment is also required, both within agriculture and in the overall economy, supported by broad policy actions in the areas of labour, education, social security systems, and land reform. Important efforts have been made to boost national innovation systems, but there remains considerable catch up in terms of the quality and impact of R&D.
In 2014, Turkey’s net ODA amounted to USD 3.6 billion, representing an increase of 15% in real terms over 2013. The ratio of ODA as a share of GNI rose from 0.40% in 2013 to 0.45% in 2014. Preliminary data show that ODA reached USD 3.9 billion in 2015 (0.54% of GNI).
From 9 to 10, June 2010 the Black Sea and Central Asia Initiative’s Co-ordinator Colm Foy participated as a panelist in the “Millenium Development Goals (MDG) + 10 Review Conference for Europe and CIS-Status of the Region: What works and what does not?” held in Istanbul, Turkey.
The Aid for Trade at a Glance 2009: Maintaining Momentum report presents the results of the second monitoring exercise of the Aid for Trade Initiative and documents its success so far.
This Roundtable discussed Turkey’s recent experience with strategies for enhancing the enabling environment for investment, focusing on the relevant aspects of regulatory reform and their impact on the investment climate.
Turkish, , 1,143kb
Turkish translation of "A Framework for the Development and Financing of Dynamic Small and Medium Sized Enterprises in Turkey".
Arabic, , 780kb
Arabic translation of "A Framework for the Development and Financing of Dynamic Small and Medium Sized Enterprises in Turkey".
Russian, , 1,144kb
Russian translation of "A Framework for the Development and Financing of Dynamic Small and Medium Sized Enterprises in Turkey".
English, , 898kb
Turkey is moving fast to capture the benefits of an enterprise culture and to stimulate the dynamic small and medium enterprise sector though starting from a low base due to past instabilities in the macroeconomic and political environment. This report, published by the OECD and the Istanbul Stock Exchange (ISE), attempts to outline a practical framework for the development and financing of dynamic small and medium enterprises (dSMEs)